Archive for the ‘News & Updates’ Category

Three Tips To Help Molting Chickens

Wednesday, September 22nd, 2021

It’s autumn. Time for comfy sweaters, pumpkin-flavored everything, and… vacation? For backyard chickens across the country, shorter days often signal time for a break. Birds may stop laying eggs, lose old feathers, and grow new ones. This annual vacation from egg laying is called molt.

Molt is driven by season and usually occurs in the fall when the hours of sunlight decrease. For our birds, fall means it’s time to prepare for winter, which requires quality feathers. That’s why hens take a vacation from laying eggs and redirect their energy to regrowing feathers.

 When do chickens molt?

This feather loss phenomenon first happens when birds are approximately 18 months old and then occurs annually. Backyard flock owners should expect about 8 weeks of feather loss and regrowth but could take up to 16 weeks for some birds.

Though the general process is similar, not all molting seasons are created equal.

The onset and length of the molt look different for each bird. How long chickens molt for depends on factors such as age, consumed nutrients, and the environment. You’ll often first notice that feathers are losing their sheen. Hens may then gradually lose a few feathers or it could happen overnight. We’ve noticed that more productive egg-layers and younger hens recover from molt more quickly than older or less productive hens. In any case, proper nutrients and management can help birds through molt.

Three tips for molting chickens

  1. Pack the protein Just like humans, birds need a different diet depending on their current activity or life stage. Protein is the key nutrient to pack in a flock’s diet during molt. The number one nutrient switches from calcium to protein during molt. This is because feathers are made of 80-85 percent protein, whereas eggshells are primarily calcium. When you notice your chickens losing feathers, switch to a complete feed that’s 20 percent protein and includes probiotics, prebiotics, and key vitamins and minerals. Purina® Flock Raiser® chicken feed is a key option. A high-protein complete feed can help hens channel nutrients into feather regrowth and get back to laying eggs.For organic flocks, try switching hens to Purina® Organic Starter-Grower when molting begins in order to maintain organic status and provide a higher level of nutrition they need for feather regrowth.
  2. Keep stress low
    While on vacation, people generally want plenty of comfort and room to relax. It isn’t so different inside the coop during molt. Keep molting chickens comfortable by preventing stress. During molt, the area where the feather shaft meets the skin can be very sensitive, so reduce handling and provide plenty of clean bedding. Offer enough space for your birds to rest and relax in private. For each bird, four square feet inside the coop and 10 square feet outside of the coop can keep them comfortable. In addition, provide access to plenty of fresh, clean water and proper air ventilation. Hydration and ventilation can help keep the backyard coop spa-like for feather regrowth. Avoid introducing new flock members during this time, as adding in new friends and potentially re-shuffling the pecking order could add stress.
  3. Transition back to layer feed
    Once birds are ready to return from vacation and begin producing eggs, it’s time to adjust the nutrient profile to match their energy needs once again. When hens begin laying eggs, transition back to a complete layer feed that matches your goals. Gradually mix the complete layer feed with the high-protein feed over the course of 7 to 10 days. This can help avoid digestive upsets and allows birds to get used to the taste and texture of their new feed. Once they’re back on a complete layer feed and have vibrant new feathers, get ready again for farm fresh eggs for your family.

October Garden Tips

Wednesday, September 22nd, 2021

October Garden Tips

October Garden Tips

Usher in the autumn season with creative displays for indoors and out! Transformation quickly occurs with pots of mums, pansies, cabbages and ornamental peppers when combined with pumpkins, gourds and bales of hay.

Create a spectacular vignette in your landscape with bales of hay, a scarecrow or two, multiple sizes of pumpkins and gourds, pots of garden mums, corn stalks and for more texture consider adding old tools, a set of antlers or birdhouses. The autumn color palette offers a myriad of wonderful colors from which to choose; purples, rusts, gold’s, yellows, oranges, deep greens and browns can be used. Whether you are mixing colors or working with only one, use color abundantly to create massive appeal. Create a pyramid of pumpkins and gourds by selecting different colors and stacking them one on top of the other. Simply displaying a “pile” of pumpkins in the same color palette and different sizes will draw ones eye and interest to an area of your landscape.

Color Creations filled with blooming or colorful foliage plants can be used on patios and porches. Freshen up existing containers by nestling an interesting pumpkin or gourd in amongst the plants. Fill a favorite basket or pot with a mixture of produce for a simple, impressive look. Add a bit of nature into your containers with branches, corn husks, berries and other materials to enhance the overall look.

If you did not apply a pre-emergent herbicide to your lawn in September; apply it by the first two weeks of October. You should also fertilize your St. Augustine or Bermuda lawns no later than the first week of October.

October is bulb buying month. They are in fresh supply and will provide welcome late winter and early spring color for the landscape. Refrigerate Tulips and Hyacinth bulb for at least 45 to 60 days to provide enough chilling to bloom properly. Plant them in late November or early December.


Show Pig Feed Programs

Monday, September 13th, 2021

Take a look at Purina’s Show Pig Feed Programs to be successful in the show ring. Shop J&N Feed, your certified purina dealer for Honor Show Chow.Take a look at Purina’s Show Pig Feed Programs to be successful in the show ring. Training a pig to eat can seem silly. They should come by this habit naturally, shouldn’t they? They do; however, it is the pig’s natural behavior that must be changed in order to reach its full genetic potential. Determining the proper feeding program will allow your pig to look its best on show day.

Show pig self-feeding behavior 

The average show pig will consume 11 to 13 meals per day when offered feed from a self-feeder. Typically, self-feeding pigs will consume these meals during daylight hours as pigs are diurnal (most active during daylight hours), and researchers have found that continuous lighting does not affect total feed intake per day.

Factors that influence intake patterns of self-feeding pigs include the number of pigs per feeder, total space per pig, and the availability/form of water. However, these factors will not influence the quantity of feed consumed per day unless feeder access is impacted. That is if there are too many pigs per feeder space, or too many pigs in a given pen space. If that is the circumstance, pigs will demonstrate nocturnal feeding patterns and rise during the night to consume a sufficient amount of feed to meet their energy requirements.

Of course, other factors come into play during self-feeding, such as social order, speed of consumption, and timid and/or aggressive eaters.

The social order of pigs dictates which pig(s) will be dominant at the feeder, and you will see that dominant pigs are the more aggressive eaters. For example, if you were to hand-feed six pigs in the same pen, you would find that a number of them will eat aggressively while subordinates will eat timidly, directly affecting the growth rate. Competition at the feeder not only speeds up the time it takes to eat a meal, it can influence the quantity consumed as well.

Water and eating habits 

Water intake is incredibly important to the health of your pig and is directly related to feed consumption. If you find that your show pig is not meeting its daily feed requirements, your first instinct should be to assess its water source. Pigs should always have access to water that is clean, fresh, and abundant. Feeding pigs without providing an adequate amount of water or providing low-quality water will always result in an unsatisfactory outcome.

Water is also useful in getting pigs to eat faster and larger meals. Adding enough water to a pig’s meal to produce a paste-like consistency will increase the speed at which a meal is consumed. By providing enough water from a clean source, you can help ensure that your pig will consume enough feed.

Show pig feeding methods

In order to train your show pigs to consume the desired amount of feed in only two meals per day, your effort must be to overcome their natural instincts and eating habits/behaviors.

Three feeding methods are most commonly used in preparing a pig for show:

  1. Self-feeding: the pig decides when and how much to eat per day
  2. Hand-fed: the owner decides when and how much the pig will eat per day.
    • Two meals per day; morning and evening
  3. Combination self-feeding/hand feeding: the pig is generally fed through a self-feeder until it reaches 100 to 150 pounds and is then hand-fed until show time

It is crucial that when you would like to limit growth rate, your pig is already trained to consume two, 10-minute meals per day. If not, it can be frustrating to get pigs to consume the amount and type of feed products that you want them to consume.

Hand-feeding versus limit feeding show pigs

It is important to note that hand feeding is very different from limit feeding. When a show pig is hand fed, the exhibitor or pig’s owner determining how much feed to place in a feeder (of any type) per day. Limit feeding is giving the pig less than it wants to eat per day (usually somewhat less than 90% of what normal feed intake).

If you give a 100 lb. show pig 4 lbs. of feed in the morning, there is feed remaining in the feeder that evening, and you give it an additional 2 to 4 lbs.; you are not limit feeding. The pig is determining how much it will eat per day, which is considered self-feeding.

If you are feeding in this manner and attempt to include Powerfill show feed supplement as a topdress, your show pig will more than likely reject it. The pig should clean up each meal in 10 minutes or less, and if so, it becomes much easier to introduce topdress, Powerfill, beet pulp and other supplements.

HIGH OCTANE® Powerfill™ is very different in taste and texture when compared to pelleted showpig feeds. Powerfill contains ground beet pulp which causes it to be a bit gritty. Pig owners sometimes feel that their pigs do not like Powerfill. However, a distaste for this product usually occurs when a pig has been taken off of full feed and introduced to HIGH OCTANE® Powerfill™ on a “cold turkey” basis. Naturally, a pig will refuse to eat when HIGH OCTANE® Powerfill™ is introduced in this manner.

Training your show pig

It is much easier if you train the pig to eat what you desire at an early age (or lighter weight). If you wait until the pig is heavier (over 200 lbs.) and older, training will be a challenge.

The end goal is to feed that pig what you want, not what it wants. Of course, it is a challenge to introduce a new feeding program to your show pig at times. Instead of giving your pig the choice to eat how much and what kind of feed (or topdress) it likes, give it one choice and allow it to eat or be hungry.

For example, if you decide to transition a pig from self-feeding to limit feeding with HIGH OCTANE® Powerfill™ in the diet (along with pellets), you will want to follow these steps:

  1. Remove the self-feeders and replace with hanging feeders
  2. Remove the feeder 10 – 12 hours prior to the first hand-fed meal
  3. Reduce the initial meal to a half serving
    • Ex: if you want to feed 2 pounds per feeding, offer 1 pound at this meal
  4. Give the show pig 10 minutes to eat, and then remove any remaining feed
  5. Repeat step four for the second feeding
    • Note: meals should be 10 – 12 hours apart at the same time(s) each day
  6. When the pig consumes all of the feed offered, increase the next feeding to a full meal
  7. If the pig is eating slowly, hand or limit feed another pig in close proximity to get the first pig to increase the speed of intake
    • Note: you want the second pig to make the first pig eat faster, but not have access to it’s feed. Make sure there is a barrier between the pigs, but one that they can see through

This technique is critical because in order to help fulfill the genetic potential of your show pig, you may need to tweak the diet several times in a short period. If you see that a pig is in need of muscle, cover, rib shape or fill, you must be able to control what the pig takes in. At times, these dietary changes must be done daily until you have the pig headed in the direction you desire. If the pig constantly balks at what you are attempting to feed, it cannot look the best on show day.

Keep in mind that the pig’s appearance as it steps into the show ring is of vital importance. Getting the pig to peak physical appearance depends upon what it eats and how it eats.

You have a great deal of influence over what the pig looks like as it is being judged. Just as you train the pig to respond to your direction in the show ring, you should also train your pig to eat.

Stop by J&N Feed and Seed and talk to us about your show pig feeding program. As your certified Purina Dealer, we carry the full line of Honor Show Chow feeds. Let us help you raise a winner.

Source: Dr. Kevin Burgoon, Ph.D.

Senior Nutritionist, HONOR® Show Technical Solutions

September Gardening Tips

Wednesday, September 1st, 2021

September Gardening Tips

September Gardening Tips

September is a pivotal month for your landscape, with the official arrival of Autumn later this month, and hopefully, a return to cooler and wetter weather. It’s the gateway month between summer and fall gardening, so get outside and improve your landscape.

September is the time to apply lawn fertilizer to keep the grass healthy and growing up to the first frost. Always follow the directions on the package and avoid over-fertilizing, which will only damage your lawn. Fall-fertilized lawns are better equipped to make it through the winter and resume growth next spring than lawns that receive no fertilizer.

Double check your sprinklers carefully to make sure they are applying all that you expect in an even, uniform pattern.

Think back to last spring. Did you have lawn weeds in February and March before the grass started growing? Those were cool-season weeds, most of which germinated last fall. A pre-emergent herbicide applied in September will help reduce the recurrence of the same weeds next spring.

Sow Spring Wildflowers (like Bluebonnets) seeds now. For more reliable, uniform seed germination of our State flower, purchase acid-treated Bluebonnets seed. This treatment pits the seed coat, allowing nearly 100% germination in one to two weeks.

Need to add new shrubbery or trees to your landscape; this is a great month to do that. Fall landscaping done now will be well-rooted by next Spring and Summer.

Plant your fall vegetable garden. Plant cool-season vegetable garden with transplants of Broccoli, Cauliflower, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Chard, Collards, Lettuce, and Kale. Water your new vegetables and lightly top-dress with mulch to discourage weeds.

2021 – 2022 Texas Hunting Season

Monday, August 30th, 2021

Texas Parks & Wildlife released the 2021 – 2022 Texas Hunting Season dates. Check them out below. You can find more information on their website. Stop by J&N Feed and Seed for all your hunting supplies, feeds, and attractants. Ask us about our feeder delivery and set up services as well as our feeder filling services.

Game Animals


Javelina season dates
Season Zone Dates
General North Oct. 1 – Feb. 27
South Sep. 1 – Aug. 31

Mule Deer

Mule deer season dates
Season Zone Dates
General Panhandle Nov. 20 – Dec. 5
SW Panhandle Nov. 20 – Nov. 28
Trans-Pecos Nov. 26 – Dec. 12
Archery 59 of 254 counties Oct. 2 – Nov. 5


Pronghorn season dates
Season Zone Dates
General 41 of 254 counties Oct. 2-17


Squirrel season dates
Season Zone Dates
General East Texas Oct. 1 – Feb. 27 & May 1-31
Other open counties Sep. 1 – Aug. 31
Youth-only East Texas Sep. 25-26

White-tailed Deer

White-tailed deer season dates
Season Zone Dates
General North Nov. 6 – Jan. 2
South Nov. 6 – Jan. 16
Youth-only North Oct. 30-31 & Jan. 3-16
South Oct. 30-31 & Jan. 3-16
Special Late North Jan. 3-16
South Jan. 17-30
Archery 252 of 254 counties Oct. 2 – Nov. 5
Muzzleloader 90 of 254 counties Jan. 3-16

Upland Game Birds


Chachalaca season dates
Season Zone Dates
Regular Cameron, Hidalgo, Starr & Willacy Counties Oct. 30 – Feb. 27


Pheasant season dates
Season Zone Dates
Regular Panhandle Dec. 4 – Jan. 2


Quail season dates
Season Zone Dates
Regular Statewide Oct. 30 – Feb. 27



Rio Grande Turkey season dates
Season Zone Dates
Fall North Nov. 6 – Jan. 2
South Nov. 6 – Jan. 16
Brooks, Kenedy, Kleberg & Willacy counties Nov. 6 – Feb. 27
Archery-only Oct. 2 – Nov. 5
Fall Youth-only North Oct. 30-31 & Jan. 3-16
South Oct. 30-31 & Jan. 17-30
Spring North April 2 – May 15
South Mar. 19 – May 1
One-turkey counties Apr. 1-30
Spring Youth-only North Mar. 26-27 & May 21-22
South Mar. 12-13 & May 7-8
Eastern Turkey season dates
Season Zone Dates
Spring East Texas Apr. 22 – May 14

Migratory Game Bird


Dove season dates
Season Zone Dates
Regular North Sep. 1 – Nov. 12 & Dec. 17 – Jan. 2
Central Sep. 1 – Oct. 31 & Dec. 17 – Jan. 14
South Sep. 14 – Oct. 31 & Dec. 17 – Jan. 21
Special White-winged Dove Days South Sep. 3-5 & Sept. 10-12


Duck season dates
Season Zone Dates
Regular High Plains Mallard Management Unit Oct. 30-31 & Nov. 5 – Jan. 30
North Nov. 13-28 & Dec. 4 – Jan. 30
South Nov. 6-28 & Dec. 11 – Jan. 30
Youth-Only High Plains Mallard Management Unit Oct. 23-24
North Nov. 6-7
South Oct. 30-31


Goose season dates
Season Zone Dates
Early Canada Goose East Sep. 11- 26
Light & Dark Geese West Nov. 13 – Feb. 13
East Nov. 6- Jan. 30
Light Goose Conservation Order West Feb. 14 – Mar. 13
East Jan. 31 – Mar. 13

Rails, Gallinules & Moorehens

Rails, Gallinules & Moorehens hunting seasons and dates
Season Zone Dates
Regular Statewide Sep. 11-26 & Nov. 6 – Dec. 29

Sandhill Cranes

Sandhill Cranes hunting seasons and dates
Season Zone Dates
Regular A Oct. 30 – Jan. 30
B Nov. 26 – Jan. 30
C Dec. 18 – Jan. 23


Common season dates
Season Zone Dates
Regular Statewide Nov. 6 – Feb. 20


Teal hunting seasons and dates
Season Zone Dates
September Teal Only Statewide Sep. 11-26


Woodcock hunting seasons and dates
Season Zone Dates
Regular Statewide Dec. 18 – Jan. 31

Other Animals


Alligator hunting seasons and dates
Season Zone Dates
General Core Sep. 10-30
Non-core Apr. 1-June 30

Rabbits and Hares

Rabbits and Hares hunting seasons and dates
Season Zone Dates
Regular Statewide No closed season

Fall Seed & Fertilizer

Monday, August 30th, 2021

fall seedNow is the time to get your fall seed. We have over 40 types of seed including wheat, oats, barley,  assorted ryegrass seed including Elbon and Marshall Rye, and additives such as chicory and buck plot mixes.  Whether your seeding for livestock grazing, wildlife feed plots or something else, we’ve got the fall seed for you! Not sure what you need? Stop by and talk with our experts, we’re here to help!

We also carry a variety of bagged and bulk fertilizer. Need help getting your bulk fertilizer home? No problem! Use one of our fertilizer buggies free of charge! Stop by J & N Feed and Seed or call us for delivery at (940) 549-4631.

Armyworm Infestation Management Tips

Friday, August 6th, 2021

Armyworm Infestation Management Tips from J&N Feed and Seed.The Fall Armyworm definitely lives up to its name— Given their immense appetite, great numbers, and marching ability, armyworms can damage entire fields or pastures in a few days. Armyworms are on the march due to recent rains and lower temps— come see us at J&N Feed and Seed for the right insecticide solutions for your pasture crops.

Two species of armyworms can be significant pests of Texas forage and pasture production. The “true” armyworm is more of a spring pest of cool-season grasses and tall fescue. The fall armyworm is a summer/fall pest primarily of Bermuda grass, but it can also damage fall-seeded, newly established winter annuals, fescue, and orchard grass.

Damage from true armyworms and fall armyworms can seem to appear overnight. Although the damage might appear overnight, larvae have likely been feeding for a week or more before they or their damage appears. Large armyworms may move into an uninfested field (or area of field) adjacent to a field that was just defoliated. Because armyworms are so destructive and compete with livestock for forage, producers should diligently scout susceptible fields for the true armyworm beginning in April and for fall armyworms beginning in July.

At J&N Feed and Seed, we’ve got solutions for armyworm control. There are several different pesticides that can be used to control armyworms in pastures and hayfields. Stop by J&N Feed and Seed and together, we’ll come up with a plan to win the war on armyworms. Read more about managing armyworms here.

August Gardening Tips

Thursday, August 5th, 2021

August is here and needless to say, it is HOT! However Fall is right around the corner and here are a few tips to get August Gardening Tipsyou through the scorching days of August.

Make the best use of the water you have by watering early in the morning before the wind speeds pick up. Otherwise, much of the water will evaporate before the plants get to use it. To further avoid excess evaporation, use a sprinkler that produces large drops of water instead of a fine mist. Plants need about one inch of water each week during this long summer period. If you have heavy clay soil adjust the timing of the irrigation zones to make sure water is not running off the landscape. Your irrigation schedule should be adjusted to allow for slow infiltration of the water. Be a WISE – keep water on the landscape.

Soil that is exposed can heat up to more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit. This is hot enough to kill those tender root hairs near the surface. Three to four inches of mulch can make the soil 10 to 20 degrees cooler. Besides reducing soil temperature, mulches also conserve water by reducing evaporation, often up to 65 percent.

August is the last month to plant a new lawn before winter temperatures arrive. Newly-installed lawns need at least six to eight weeks to establish a healthy root system.

Prune roses back, but do not remove more than one-third of the plant. Prune and remove spent blooms on annuals and perennials to encourage continuous blooming well into fall.

Tomato and Peppers planted earlier this year will not set fruit during the heat of the summer, even though they may still be flowering. If the plants remain healthy, they will set fruit again once the temperatures stay below 90 degrees. Sidedress established healthy plants with fertilizer and keep watered to encourage new growth. Set out tomato transplants; look for early maturing variety (65 to 75 days). Our average first freeze is mid-November and tomato maturity slows down as the days get cool and cloudy.

2021-2022 Texas Livestock Shows

Thursday, July 22nd, 2021

2021-2022 Texas Livestock Shows are back and better than ever! Make sure you’re ready for the ring, with the help of  J&N Feed and Seed. Our experts can help you be successful in the show ring!

2021-2022 Texas Livestock Shows are back and better than ever! Make sure you’re ready for the ring, with the help of  J&N Feed and Seed.The calendar is set for the 2021-2022 Livestock Shows in Texas.  Here are the dates and locations happening throughout Texas. Go to the links for each Stock Show to learn more about event schedules, entry forms, ticket information, and more:

State Fair of Texas Livestock Show – September 24 – October 17, 2021

Southwestern Exposition & Livestock Show (Fort Worth): January 14 – February 5, 2022

San Angelo Stock Show & Rodeo (San Angelo): February  3 – February 20, 2022

San Antonio Stock Show & Rodeo (San Antonio): February 10 – February 27, 2022

Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo (Houston): February 28 – March 20, 2022

Star of Texas Fair & Rodeo (Austin): March 12 – 26, 2022

Livestock shows are the perfect way to spend some time with the family! Save the date and make plans to come to one of these rodeos near you! Come see us at J&N Feed and Seed in Graham, Texas, for all your show feeds, supplements, supplies, and expert advice. Together, we can help you be successful in the show ring this upcoming show season. Come see us today.

Double Down Deer Feed & Mineral

Tuesday, June 22nd, 2021

Double Down Deer Feed at J&N Feed and Seed in Graham, Texas.Double Down Deer Feed and Double Down Custom Mineral are now available at J&N Feed and Seed.

Double Down Deer Feed is a custom blend originally created for the Holden Pasture Deer Lease.

  • Formulated with the highest quality ingredients.
  • Contains ZERO least-cost rations and ZERO grain by-products.
  • Includes a quality yeast culture to aid in digestion and support a healthy rumen.
  • Contains one of the highest pelletized TDN  (Total Digestible Nutrient) levels on the deer feed market.
  • Developed with proven attractants to draw in and attract overall consumption.

Double Down Custom Minerals  – Contains a vitamin package with increased concentrations of Vitamin A, Double Down Deer Feed Custom Mineral available at J&N Feed and Seed.Vitamin D, and Vitamin E.

  • Mineral package contains key proteinates such as Iron Proteinate, Zinc Proteinate, Copper Proteinate, and Cobalt Proteinate.
  • A quality yeast culture included aiding in the digestion and distribution of Double Down® Custom Minerals.
  • Contains proprietary attractants to aid in consumption.
  • Mix custom minerals with deer corn at a rate of 8lbs DDCM to 300lbs corn.

Shop J&N Feed and Seed in Graham, Texas, for wildlife feeds, feeders, attractants, and of course firearms. We offer feed and feeder delivery and set up as well as filling services and feeder repair services.



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