Archive for the ‘News & Updates’ Category

Why Are Protein and Fat Critical to Cattle Nutrition?

Wednesday, December 7th, 2022

Protein and Fat Critical to Cattle Nutrition. Cow in field.Protein is a vital nutrient for maintenance, growth, health, reproduction and lactation in cattle. Protein supplies the microbes in the gut, or rumen bugs, the ammonia and nitrogen sources they need to function. These microbes ferment feed to make Volatile Fatty Acids (VFAs) and Microbial Cell Protein (MCP), which are responsible for digestion.

When cattle aren’t getting enough protein, microbial activity decreases, causing a lower rate of digestion. Decreased digestion results in less nutrition available for absorption by the animal. While these effects are internal, you would observe the consequences of protein deficiency in the growth of your cattle.

Fat supports cow body condition and reproduction. Research suggests that the addition of limited fat supplements to beef cattle diets before breeding enhances reproduction by reducing the anestrus period after calving, as well as increasing the number of follicles formed on the ovary of the cow.1

How much is needed? Like with most cattle questions, it depends.

With protein, anything less than 8% crude protein in your forages is not enough to feed the rumen microbes for optimal performance. When forage quantity and quality begin to decline, you should start thinking about supplementation to bridge that gap. The amount of supplemental energy or fat provided will depend on current body condition, other feed resources available and target production goals for that animal or herd.

There are several factors to consider when determining the supplemental nutrition needs of your cattle:

  • Forage quality & quantity: As pastures move from a vegetative state to a reproductive or dormant state, the nutritional value decreases. Vegetative forage will provide the most protein (10-18%), transitional forage will provide 6-9% crude protein and dormant forage will provide the poorest quality nutrition with typically less than 5% crude protein. Protein supplementation can help support rumen bug population and forage utilization in these transitional periods.
  • Body Condition Score (BCS) and Production Phase: BCS can indicate how your nutrition program is working. You don’t want to wait until your herd’s average BCS drops and have to play catch up, especially in key production phases like breeding, late gestation and lactation. Consistent monitoring can tell you when supplementation is needed.
  • Age: Younger, developing cattle that are still growing will have a higher maintenance requirement than mature cattle.

Purina® Accuration® Hi-Fat blocksThe goal of any protein and fat supplement like Purina® Accuration® Hi-Fat blocks and RangeLand® tubs is to support the returns of producers by enhancing forage intake and supporting better utilization of forages to meet needs of cows. Products like these are great options for protein and fat supplementation for your herd because they are designed to enhance the use of forages, not replace them.

Graham Holiday Shopping Spree – Shop Local This Season

Sunday, November 20th, 2022

Shop Graham Holiday SpreeThe annual Graham Holiday Shopping Spree event is almost here!

Have you heard of this great program called the Holiday Shopping Spree right here in Graham?   Sponsored by the Graham Chamber of Commerce and Shop Graham First, Holiday Shopping Spree encourages patronage to local stores and businesses in Graham. This year the shopping spree kicks off on Friday, November 25th and runs through Friday,  December 16th at 5:00 pm.

. Lots of prizes are up for grabs, so fill out those cards!

J&N Feed & Seed is a participating retailer.  Stop by and pick up your shopping spree card today and start shopping locally in Graham, Texas!

J&N Feed and Seed is a proud member of the Graham Chamber of Commerce and a proud participant of the Annual Shop Graham First Holiday Shopping Spree. Shop local this holiday season and help keep sales tax dollars right here in our great community. For more information, call the Graham Chamber of Commerce at 940-549-3355.



Beyond The Bag

Wednesday, November 16th, 2022

Beyond The Bag. Cows in field.For more than a century, Purina has built connections with producers based on the goal of bringing out the best in every animal. During that time, a wide range of tools and services have been put together to help customers identify challenges. This enables them to better find solutions in many different areas of their operations.

To be successful with these tools, our team aims to thoroughly understand the ins and outs of your operation and its goals. We’re invested in your well-being and take pride in helping you meet your goals. That’s why our partnership with producers goes far beyond what’s in the feed bag.

Something for everyone

Adding value to your herd starts with thorough management. Each operation is unique – what works for one might not work for another. Our tools and services can help identify areas to emphasize on the farm or ranch to push your herd further.

A few of our favorite tools and services include:

  • Proof Pays: With the help of a local Purina expert, producers can conduct a feeding trial with Purina products on their own operation with their cattle to show the value of quality nutrition. Proof Pays trials are open to herds with 100 head or more. Trials can last between 28 to 90 days, depending on the trial type. The local Purina Team will oversee the trial, collecting pertinent information and helping producers analyze results.
  • Purina Beyond the Bag. Wind and Rain Mineral Products.Feed Greatness® Challenge: Producers of all herd sizes can participate in a 90-day trial with Purina® Wind and Rain® mineral. Throughout this trial, the producer collects information on mineral consumption, pasture conditions, and other important factors. At the end, Purina will give you the tools to interpret your results so you can make the right choice for your herd.
  • Purina® Plus value-added program: Purina® Plus is a marketing program for producers striving to raise low-risk, high-value cattle. Utilizing industry-leading and research-proven health practices and Purina’s line of starter feeds, producers can work with their local team to position their cattle to buyers interested in investing in quality cattle.
  • Purina Fly Monitor™ App: Launched this year. Your local Purina® representative can use this app to estimate the number of flies impacting a cow herd. Then they can accurately sort cows into fly count categories. Producers can work with their local expert to design an integrated pest management plan, utilizing the consistent consumption of Wind and Rain® mineral with Altosid®, to minimize the impact of fly populations.

As with our feeds, each of our tools and services are strengthened by our continuous research at the Purina Animal Nutrition Center in Gray Summit, Missouri. The commercial cow herd and Ph.D. researchers and nutritionists at Purina stand behind everything that we do.

Gate side advice

These are just a few examples of some of the tools that Purina representatives utilize when working with producers. Among these, there are many other services that they can offer an operation through an on-farm consultation.

One of the simplest, yet most impactful, ways a Purina representative can help you is by conducting body condition scores (BCS) of your herd. This can be done three to four times per year. Having an accurate assessment of the herd’s average BCS can be critical to accomplishing goals. Once a baseline is established, recommendations can be made. Then strategies implemented to ensure cows are set up for future success.

The relationship between producers and Purina is more than products. We’re invested in helping make improvements with producers to meet you where your herd needs are and help you reach your goals. When you succeed, we succeed.

Holiday Savings on Traeger Grills

Wednesday, November 16th, 2022

Traeger Holiday Sale 2022Traditions are better with Traeger, so add some wood-fired flavor to your holiday season with big savings on Traeger grills and essentials, including savings on Traeger Pro Series and Ironwood grills. Just be sure to hurry because these deals go up in smoke on 12/24.

$200 Ironwood 885 & 650

$150 Off Pro 780

$200 Off Pro 575

$100 Off Pro 22 & Pro 34

$2 Off Pellets, Rubs, & Sauces

Queen Bedding Products

Wednesday, November 2nd, 2022

Queen Bedding productsJ&N Feed offers Queen Bedding Products. Queen provides clean, consistent quality products. We offer two types, Easy Sift pine bedding, and Pine Pellets.

Easy Sift shavings are virtually dust-free, absorbent shavings that allow you to clean your stalls quickly. Easy Sift bag size: expanded 5.51 cu ft, 2.2 cu ft compressed.

Pine Pellets are 100% pine packed into dense pellets. High absorbency and naturally odor-neutralizing. Just wet the product to create a soft, virtually dust-free footing. Pellet bag size: 40lbs.

Shop J&N Feed & Seed in Graham, Texas for quality Queen bedding products.




The True Cost of Cheap Minerals

Tuesday, November 1st, 2022

cattle eating minerals from a tubQuality mineral supplements are an investment in the overall performance of your herd.

Balance and bioavailability

Balance is key when it comes to minerals; more is not always better when choosing a supplement. Minerals compete for absorption when digested in the small intestine. If cattle consume too much of one mineral, it could prevent absorption of other minerals, eliminating benefits to the animal and wasting the money you invested in a mineral supplement.

When selecting a mineral supplement, be sure to consider the ingredients’ bioavailability. Bioavailability refers to the percentage of mineral cattle can absorb or use. Some mineral supplements may contain sufficient levels of the required minerals, but not in a form capable of being utilized by cattle. In many situations, these ingredients are used because they are cheaper, even if they provide little or no nutrition to your herd. Generally speaking, organic minerals are more bioavailable and provide enhanced gut absorption

Not all minerals are created equal

With input costs rising, you may be looking for a lower-cost alternative to a complete mineral program by choosing a trace mineral block. While trace mineral blocks have a lower price tag than a complete mineral supplement, it’s important to be aware of the tradeoff you might be taking with this type of product.

First, trace mineral blocks don’t contain the macro minerals essential to cattle production, like phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium. Additionally, trace mineral blocks are often virtually all salt. A block may be 96-99% salt, depending on the product. Due to the high salt content, cattle can’t consume enough of the block to meet their trace mineral requirements.

Aside from intake, trace mineral blocks tend to utilize less bioavailable ingredients to keep cost low. Meaning, not only is mineral content diluted by salt, but the form of the mineral is virtually unavailable for absorption, both of which can compromise animal performance.

Often, a simple snapshot of your herd doesn’t reveal how much a cheap mineral supplement can really cost you. Minerals are the precursors to cattle performance, facilitating every process in the body. High-quality mineral influences high-quality performance. Production traits such as fertility, disease resistance, feed intake and muscle development depend on proper minerals in cattle’s diet.

Get the most bang for your buck

Getting the most impact from your investment is a top priority for any cattle operation. One way to ensure your mineral supplement is working efficiently and effectively for your herd is to track consumption rates. Your Purina® representative can walk you through how to track consumption in your herd. Most Purina® minerals are formulated for four ounces of consumption per cow per day.

Once you know consumption rate, you can help alter mineral intake levels by moving mineral feeders. When feeders sit close to areas where cattle spend most of their time, they can consume more than the target amount out of boredom. If cattle consume too much of a mineral supplement, move feeders away from water sources and loafing areas. If consumption is below target, move feeders closer to these areas, or provide additional feeders to allow more access for cattle.

The domino effect

Poor mineral nutrition can contribute to poor cattle performance. Mineral deficiencies can lead to a cascade of events such as more open cows, higher sickness rates, more spread-out calving season and lower weaning weights. If these conditions are allowed to domino and compound, they can lead to a loss of profit on your operation.

Talk to us about what a complete mineral program should look like for your herd.

Hunting Attractants, Supplies & More

Tuesday, November 1st, 2022

Bow Season has begun and whitetail deer rifle season is here! J&N Feed and Seed has the Hunting Attractants, feeds and equipment to help you get your hunt on!  We’ve got attractants from Big&J, Wild Game Innovators, Quick Draw, Double Down, and more. Pick up a bag of Sugar Beet Crush or BB2 Long Range Attractant today and sit back and watch the big deer come in.

Visit us at J&N Feed and Seed today and gear up for the season with our latest wildlife cameras from Browning Trail Cameras or pick up a new rifle scope or binoculars from Vortex Optics.  We also stock plenty of deer feed supplements such as Purina AntlerMax as well as whole deer corn. And, you need a YETI cooler to carry home your kill— we’ve got everything you need to get your hunt on at J&N Feed and Seed, right here in Graham, Texas!

Thanksgiving Turkey Grill Guide

Monday, October 31st, 2022

This Thanksgiving turkey grill guide will help you understand all the basics of cooking a Thanksgiving turkey on a Traeger grill.GIVE YOUR BIRD THE FLAVOR IT DESERVES

This Thanksgiving turkey grill guide will help you understand all the basics of cooking a Thanksgiving turkey on a Traeger grill. We’ll cover choosing how much turkey to make, thawing your turkey, cook times and temps, and different methods for preparing your turkey on a Traeger.

Let’s begin with choosing how much turkey you’ll need.


Depending on the grill size you have, we can tell how many turkeys you can fit



If you choose a frozen turkey, you’ll want to give it plenty of time to thaw completely before you fire up the grill. Thawing your turkey in the refrigerator (the safest method) takes roughly 24 hours for every 5 pounds of meat, meaning you’ll need to clear out fridge space well in advance of the big day. However, if you’re in a pinch you can use cold water to speed up the process. Just be sure to change the water frequently.

This Thanksgiving turkey grill guide will help you understand all the basics of cooking a Thanksgiving turkey on a Traeger grill.


After you’ve thawed your turkey, the next step is seasoning it. You can keep things simple with a dry rub, or you can make sure the flavor really gets in there by brining or injecting your turkey. Then it’s time to cook. If you have plenty of time and want maximum wood-fired flavor, then smoking your bird low and slow is the way to go. Pressed for time? Spatchcock your turkey to cut down on cooking time while ensuring super juicy meat with perfectly crisp skin. And of course, there’s nothing wrong with going the tried-and-true traditional route. As long as you’re cooking it on a Traeger, it’s going to be good.

This Thanksgiving turkey grill guide will help you understand all the basics of cooking a Thanksgiving turkey on a Traeger grill.



This a general guide to cooking times when doing a traditional roasted turkey. If you’re smoking or spatchcocking your bird, then you’ll want to refer to specific recipes for accurate cooking temps and times.


For further guidance, we’ve put together a turkey-related FAQ below.


A: You’ll see a lot of labels on turkeys in the store these days. We’re just going to focus on a few of the most important ones to look out for. ·Kosher: Turkeys that are certified kosher have been thoroughly salted on the outside, but not brined. You can soak them in cold water overnight to draw out some of the salt before brining. Kosher turkeys are also typically antibiotic-free and vegetarian-fed, resulting in a higher quality bird. ·Natural: These are conventional breeds that have been minimally processed, making them a good choice for customizing with your own brine and rub. ·Heritage: Heritage breeds are closer to the turkeys that would have been recognizable at the first Thanksgiving. These are leaner birds with more intense, slightly gamey flavor and darker dark meat. However, that delicious flavor comes at a cost, as heritage turkeys can cost several times what a conventional turkey costs. These birds are also the best choice for anyone concerned with animal welfare or environmental concerns. ·Basted or Self-Basting: These are conventionally raised turkeys that have been injected with solutions. They are usually very salty and not suitable for further brining or rubbing. We do not recommend using this type of turkey.


A: There are two safe ways to thaw a turkey. The easiest way is to put a roasting pan under it and thaw in the refrigerator. Allow about 1 day for every 4 pounds. In other words, a 20-pounder will take 5 days. The second way to safely defrost a turkey is to make sure there are no tears in the wrapping, then submerge it in a sink, food-safe pail, or large basin filled with cold water (40 degrees F or less). It’s a good idea to put the turkey in a large resealable plastic bag so the water and turkey juices do not mingle. Allow about 45 minutes per pound. Be sure to drain and change the water every 30 minutes.


A: Brining a turkey adds more flavor and juiciness than any other method we have tried. Brining allows you to season your turkey from the inside out before cooking, and who doesn’t want yummy flavor in every single bite? A simple brine is 1 gallon cold water, 1 cup kosher salt, 1/2 cup brown sugar and any additional seasonings you’d like. We recommend peppercorns, thyme, bay leaves, rosemary, or garlic. Or, you could just make it easy and use our Traeger Orange Brine & Turkey Rub Kit to guarantee great flavor every time.


A: Opinion on this varies, but we recommend no less than 16 and no more than 32 hours. We find 24 hours is the perfect amount of time to add the right amount of flavor without the turkey getting too salty.


A: We like to keep this one simple and classic. We mix 8 tablespoons of softened butter with 2 tablespoons of finely chopped mixed herbs such as parsley, sage, rosemary and marjoram and use our fingers to press the butter mixture up under the skin of the turkey. Spread it evenly across all areas of the bird. Drizzle the outside of the bird with a couple tablespoons of olive oil and season liberally with salt and pepper or Traeger Turkey Rub.


A: This one is completely personal preference, but we prefer not to. When you stuff a turkey, the internal temperature of the stuffing must reach 165 degrees F and that typically means the breast and thigh meat of your turkey is much higher and the meat will be dry. We like to stuff the cavity of our turkeys with aromatics like onion, garlic, rosemary, thyme and citrus quarters that can infuse the meat with more flavor from the inside out.


A: This comes down to personal preference. We will always choose to put a whole turkey in a roasting pan so we can collect the drippings for gravy. When using a roasting pan, we also like to add a few cups of broth to the bottom of the pan to steam the bird with extra flavor and moisture while cooking. No roasting pan? Layer the bottom of a large pan with carrot and celery sticks and place the bird on top. This will elevate the bird enough so it isn’t stewing in its’ own juices and will also add great flavor to the drippings.


A: A small bird (8 to 12 pounds) requires 2-1/2 to 3 hours at 325 degrees F; a medium (12 – 18 pounds) will need 3-1/2 to 4-1/2 hours; and a large bird (over 18 pounds) could take up to 6 hours.


A: Cook your turkey on the Smoke setting for 1 to 3 hours, then finish cooking on higher heat (325 degrees F or higher) to reach an internal temperature of 165 degrees F and crisp the skin. We do not recommend cooking a turkey – especially a large one – entirely on the Smoke setting as it adds hours to the cooking time. The skin also tends to be rubbery as the heat on the Smoke setting isn’t high enough to render the fat.


A: Our favorite is a 50/50 mix of apple and hickory. Of course, you can always refer to our pellet guide and pick your own or create a personal blend.


A: Basting is entirely optional. If you’ve already brined, seasoned, and smoked we don’t think basting is completely necessary but it is a good way to add extra flavor to the skin specifically. Just keep in mind that every time you open the lid, you lose up to 20% of the heat in your grill.


A: We recommend letting a 12-15 lb turkey rest for at least 20 minutes. Anything over 15 lbs needs at least 30 minutes to rest before carving. DO NOT tent your turkey with foil. The steam from the hot turkey will collect on the foil and drip onto your perfect turkey skin and make it anything but crispy.

Now you have read our Thanksgiving turkey grill guide and have our tried-and-true methods for making the perfect turkey. Make the ultimate Thanksgiving feast and Traeger your turkey. Follow this guide and the only worry you’ll have on the big day will be your cocktail glass getting low.

Source: Traeger Grills

November Garden Tips

Monday, October 31st, 2022

November Garden Tips

This is the perfect time to plant your chilled bulbs for spring. They should be in the ground before the first frost, so plant now while the soil is still easy to work. Iris, daylilies, and gladiolas should also be planted at this time, although they are not “true” bulbs, but rhizomes, tubers, and corms, respectively. Yet all of these like bulbs require the cooler soil of winter to generate healthy new growth in spring.

Transform your landscape with the addition of fresh, colorful blooms! Pansies are by far the most popular Winter color. The “Matrix” Pansy has been outstanding for our Texas weather. It will not “stretch” during bouts of warm temperatures and is bred to grow out, not up. This compact grower offers shorter stems to support large colorful blooms. Dianthus (also known as “Pinks”), Snapdragons, Cyclamen, Violas and the fragrant Alyssum are also good choices for cold tolerant annuals. Ornamental Cabbage and Kale provide interesting texture in the landscape as well as color. For best effect, limit your planting to two or three colors per bed.

The key to growing beautiful annual flowers is soil preparation. Remember to add 2 to 3 inches of mulch to all beds to reduce moisture loss, prevent weeds from germinating, and to insulate the soil from the cold.

Using the same colorful annuals will add a splash of color to your patio containers. Fill your container with fresh potting soil, plant food and your choice of these beautiful annuals to brighten your winter. Keep them watered as necessary and remove faded flowers to encourage repeat blooming.November Garden Tips

If you want those beautiful Texas Bluebonnets in the Spring, sow the seed in early November!

Please remember the birds! Texas is a haven for birds. No other state in the United States has more species within its boundaries. There are currently over 620 species documented in Texas, which is almost 75 percent of all bird species recorded in the continental United States. To attract the widest variety of wild birds, you should consider placing a wide variety of bird feeders and food around your yard.

We Buy Pecans – Sell Your Whole Pecans

Monday, October 31st, 2022

We buy pecans at J&N Feed and seed in Graham, Texas.We buy pecans here at J&N Feed and Seed, in Graham, Texas.  Do you have good pecan-producing trees in your yard and could use a little extra spending money? Bag up your yard crop of whole pecans and sell them to us. We will buy pecans from you,  but the prices fluctuate, so please call the store to confirm current pricing, (940) 549-4631.

J&N Feed and Seed -450 Pecan Street, Graham, Texas, 76450

Make collecting pecans easier with a Pecan Roller from J&N Feed. We’ve also got assorted nutcrackers to make shelling easier, just in case you want to keep some pecans for yourself. Prefer to purchase your pecans already shelled? We sell 1 pound bags here at the store. Stop by and see us today.


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December 2022
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