Archive for the ‘articles’ Category

Hunting Attractants, Supplies & More

Tuesday, November 1st, 2022

Bow Season has begun and whitetail deer rifle season is here! J&N Feed and Seed has the Hunting Attractants, feeds and equipment to help you get your hunt on!  We’ve got attractants from Big&J, Wild Game Innovators, Quick Draw, Double Down, and more. Pick up a bag of Sugar Beet Crush or BB2 Long Range Attractant today and sit back and watch the big deer come in.

Visit us at J&N Feed and Seed today and gear up for the season with our latest wildlife cameras from Browning Trail Cameras or pick up a new rifle scope or binoculars from Vortex Optics.  We also stock plenty of deer feed supplements such as Purina AntlerMax as well as whole deer corn. And, you need a YETI cooler to carry home your kill— we’ve got everything you need to get your hunt on at J&N Feed and Seed, right here in Graham, Texas!

Cattle Mineral Tips For Fall

Friday, October 21st, 2022

It’s a great idea to use Purina® Wind and Rain® Storm® Fly Control Mineral with Altosid® (IGR) 30 days after the first frost to prevent flies from overwintering and jump-starting spring populations.

Fall is approaching, which means it’s time to prepare your herd for the months ahead. Cattle nutrient requirements vary from season to season, so it’s important to evaluate the effectiveness of your feed program. Check out these tips for creating a healthy mineral program and preparing your cattle for fall.


  • Understand your phosphorus levels as grasses dry down. For grass low in phosphorus, consider a high-phosphorus cattle mineral to meet animal needs.
  • Continue using Purina® Wind and Rain® Storm® Fly Control Mineral with Altosid® (IGR) 30 days after the first frost to prevent flies from overwintering and jump-starting spring populations.
  • Building base mineral and vitamin stores pre-weaning can help calves stay healthy. Provide Purina® Stress Tubs for calves in the creep feeder cage. If you don’t creep feed, make sure calves have access to a cattle mineral feeder with the rest of the cowherd.
  • Cows may crave salt more as grasses dry down. It can be helpful to provide additional salt in a granular mineral mix. Provide free-choice salt if using a cattle mineral tub that does not contain salt (i.e. non-complete).

Try Purina® minerals today through the Feed Greatness® Challenge and prepare your cattle for fall.

Source: Kent Tjardes, Ph.D., Field Cattle Consultant

Benefits of Cattle Tub & Block Supplements

Monday, October 3rd, 2022

Do you know the benefits of cattle tubs and block supplements? Cattle Tub and block supplements are a good way to supplement when forage is poor.Do you know the benefits of cattle tub and block supplements? Cattle Tub and block supplements are a good way to supplement when forage is poor. Supporting cattle’s nutrient needs as forage quality declines is a must. But how can you accomplish this in an efficient, easy-to-manage way?

Cattle Tub and block supplements are a great option to keep cattle performing at their peak without the stress of additional labor or management needs. Here are three reasons to choose blocks or tubs for your supplementation needs:

1. Labor savings
Tubs and blocks offer easier management to save you time and labor compared to other product forms. With tubs and blocks being convenient self-fed forms, they provide nutrition 24/7, allowing all cows a chance to consume the product when they need it. Since you don’t need to deliver supplements every day, you save on feed delivery time and costs.

New ClearView packaging for Purina® RangeLand® Protein tubs expands the labor savings and convenience even more. With colored tubs, you need to get close to the tubs to see how much product is remaining. With the new clear tubs, you can see the product from a distance. You can easily see how much product is left and better monitor intake while saving time and labor checking tubs.

2. Supports intake
Tubs and blocks offer a convenient way for cattle to get the nutrition they need when forages decline in quality and are deficient in protein, energy, vitamins, and minerals. They allow cows to eat what they need when they need it.

Putting out supplement tubs as soon as forage quality starts to decline, or before, ensures cattle don’t miss a beat. And, with blocks containing Intake Modifying Technology®, cattle can consume small amounts of supplement and gradually increase intake as forage quality declines.

Protein or high-fat tubs and blocks are designed as a supplement to forage, not a substitution. Intake levels can give you an indication of whether or not you need to adjust your available forage. If supplement intake reaches the upper end of the targeted intake levels on the tag, it’s an indication there’s probably not enough forage available, and you may want to provide additional hay or other forages.

3. Flexible product options
Both blocks and cooked tubs accomplish the same thing – stimulating forage intake, delivering protein, energy, vitamins and minerals, and aiding digestion. The difference is in how they are manufactured and used. Regardless of form, you have options based on your specific needs.

Cooked tubs, like Purina® RangeLand® Protein tubs, are molasses-based and provide very consistent intake at 0.5-1 pound per head per day. They are formed by cooking molasses under a vacuum until very low in moisture. Dry ingredients are then mixed with the cooked molasses, poured into tubs, and cooled over 24 hours. The end product is very hard and has a crystalline texture. This hardness is what controls the level of consumption. Cooked tubs absorb moisture from the environment or animals licking on them. The moisture dissolves a thin layer of product for cattle to eat.

Block products, such as Purina® Accuration® Hi-Fat block, are formed by blending molasses with the dry ingredients. The resultant mix is poured into the container, and as the mix cools, it hardens. Poured blocks are softer than cooked tubs and have more variable intakes, around 1-3 pounds per head per day, based on the nutritional needs of the animals and forage quality. Purina® Accuration® Hi-Fat blocks with Intake Modifying Technology® allows the intake of the block to go up or down as forage quality improves or declines.
Both cooked tubs and poured blocks are options to deliver supplemental nutrients to cows grazing fair to poor quality forage to aid in maintaining body condition. There are also additional options to meet your exact needs, including high-fat and higher-percentage protein products.

See the benefits cattle tub and block supplements in your herd with self fed tubs and protein blocks from J&N Feed and Seed.

Source: Chris Forcherio, Ph.D. Purina Beef Research Manager

Three Tips To Help Molting Chickens

Thursday, September 22nd, 2022

It’s autumn. Time for comfy sweaters, pumpkin-flavored everything, and… vacation? For backyard chickens across the country, shorter days often signal time for a break. Birds may stop laying eggs, lose old feathers, and grow new ones. This annual vacation from egg laying is called molt.

Molt is driven by season and usually occurs in the fall when the hours of sunlight decrease. For our birds, fall means it’s time to prepare for winter, which requires quality feathers. That’s why hens take a vacation from laying eggs and redirect their energy to regrowing feathers.

 When do chickens molt?

This feather loss phenomenon first happens when birds are approximately 18 months old and then occurs annually. Backyard flock owners should expect about 8 weeks of feather loss and regrowth but could take up to 16 weeks for some birds.

Though the general process is similar, not all molting seasons are created equal.

The onset and length of the molt look different for each bird. How long chickens molt for depends on factors such as age, consumed nutrients, and the environment. You’ll often first notice that feathers are losing their sheen. Hens may then gradually lose a few feathers or it could happen overnight. We’ve noticed that more productive egg-layers and younger hens recover from molt more quickly than older or less productive hens. In any case, proper nutrients and management can help birds through molt.

Three tips for molting chickens

  1. Pack the protein Just like humans, birds need a different diet depending on their current activity or life stage. Protein is the key nutrient to pack in a flock’s diet during molt. The number one nutrient switches from calcium to protein during molt. This is because feathers are made of 80-85 percent protein, whereas eggshells are primarily calcium. When you notice your chickens losing feathers, switch to a complete feed that’s 20 percent protein and includes probiotics, prebiotics, and key vitamins and minerals. Purina® Flock Raiser® chicken feed is a key option. A high-protein complete feed can help hens channel nutrients into feather regrowth and get back to laying eggs.For organic flocks, try switching hens to Purina® Organic Starter-Grower when molting begins in order to maintain organic status and provide a higher level of nutrition they need for feather regrowth.
  2. Keep stress low
    While on vacation, people generally want plenty of comfort and room to relax. It isn’t so different inside the coop during molt. Keep molting chickens comfortable by preventing stress. During molt, the area where the feather shaft meets the skin can be very sensitive, so reduce handling and provide plenty of clean bedding. Offer enough space for your birds to rest and relax in private. For each bird, four square feet inside the coop and 10 square feet outside of the coop can keep them comfortable. In addition, provide access to plenty of fresh, clean water and proper air ventilation. Hydration and ventilation can help keep the backyard coop spa-like for feather regrowth. Avoid introducing new flock members during this time, as adding in new friends and potentially re-shuffling the pecking order could add stress.
  3. Transition back to layer feed
    Once birds are ready to return from vacation and begin producing eggs, it’s time to adjust the nutrient profile to match their energy needs once again. When hens begin laying eggs, transition back to a complete layer feed that matches your goals. Gradually mix the complete layer feed with the high-protein feed over the course of 7 to 10 days. This can help avoid digestive upsets and allows birds to get used to the taste and texture of their new feed. Once they’re back on a complete layer feed and have vibrant new feathers, get ready again for farm fresh eggs for your family.

11 Tips to Curb Heat Stress in Cattle

Friday, July 29th, 2022

Water, shade, and the right nutrition helps mitigate heat stress in cattle. Take proactive steps to mitigate its impact on your herd.Water, shade, and the right nutrition can help mitigate heat stress in cattle.

The weather report says it’s going to be a scorcher, and sure enough – the temperatures start steadily climbing. Cattle start grouping in shady spots. A few cows start panting to stay cool. The flies settle in. And, suddenly, you’ve got a herd struggling with heat stress.

The heat may be unavoidable, but you can take proactive steps to mitigate its impact on your herd. First, let’s look at the dangers of heat stress in cattle.

When temperatures rise

Cattle have sweat glands, but it’s not a very efficient way for them to cool off. Instead, they rely on respiration, or opening their mouths and panting, to help them dissipate heat. When it’s 80 degrees or hotter out, their ability to regulate their own temperature becomes a big challenge. You start to see behavior changes – more time in the shade, less time grazing, and increased water consumption.

To make the heat even more challenging:

  • A cow’s rumen activity naturally increases body heat. Fermentation occurs in the rumen, producing heat as bacteria break down and digest forages.
  • Cattle seek shade to help keep cool. Grouping up in the shade sometimes has the reverse effect and creates a lot of radiant heat between cows. The thermometer might read 90 degrees, but the temperature in the middle of the group could be much hotter.
  • Crowded cattle attract more flies, causing animals to move even closer together to protect themselves.
  • Animals with dark hides have a higher risk of suffering heat stress than those with lighter-colored hides.

Suddenly your herd feels overheated and cattle are less likely to graze.

When grazing stops

Forage is the number one nutrition source for cows on pasture. If they aren’t grazing as much during a heatwave, they’re probably not meeting their cattle nutrition requirements.

When cows don’t get adequate nutrition, they’re at risk of:

  • Losing body condition
  • Taking longer to rebreed
  • Producing less milk for their growing calf
  • Generating a weaker immune response to health challenges
  • Long-term fertility consequences

If cattle are too hot to graze, they may also be too hot to consume mineral at target intake levels. If you’re using a fly control mineral and intakes are below target levels, cows no longer benefit from it because they aren’t getting a full dose of fly control.

Curb heat stress in cattle by planning for proper shade, water, and the right nutrition program.

11 hot weather tips for cattle

  1. Ensure access to fresh, clean water. A brood cow drinks 25 to 30 gallons of water on a normal day. She’ll drink even more in hot weather.
  2. Check water tanks often to make sure they are clean and free of contamination (algae, feces, organic material, etc.). You might need additional portable tanks to ensure adequate access.
  3. Place water tanks in shaded areas to keep water cool if possible. Keep waterers several feet away from buildings or fences, so cattle can access water from all sides.
  4. Offer supplements to help cows make the most of their forages. Accuration® Supplements with Intake Modifying Technology® helps feed necessary rumen microbes to keep cattle eating and encourages snack eating behavior.
  5. Choose a mineral designed for consistent consumption during hot weather, like Purina® Wind and Rain® Summer Season Mineral.
  6. Control flies to prevent further stress and grazing disturbance. Purina® Wind and Rain® Fly Control Mineral contains Altosid® IGR, an insect growth regulator offering a beneficial mode of action to deliver fly control via cattle nutrition. Consider Purina® Wind and Rain® Fly Control Mineral to stop the horn fly life cycle by preventing pupae from developing into biting, breeding adult flies.
  7. Supply ample shade. Whether it’s provided by trees, a manmade building, or portable structures, shade is critical. It might be necessary to move cattle to a pasture with trees or additional shade.
  8. Strategically move rotational grazing herds to fresh pastures in the late afternoon/early evening instead of the morning. Cows will have access to fresh grass when temperatures are beginning to cool and will be more likely to graze.
  9. Work cattle as early in the day as possible when temperatures are lower.
  10. Don’t graze pastures short before moving cows to another. Pastures with taller, thicker grass feel cooler than pastures with short grass where more soil surface is exposed.
  11. Observe cattle frequently and take precautions when hot and humid weather is forecast.


Chris Forcherio, Ph.D.
Purina/Beef Research Manager

Will Great Nutrition Guarantee Trophy Bucks?

Friday, July 29th, 2022

Will great nutrition guarantee trophy bucks? Great nutrition will give your deer the opportunity to maximize their genetic potential for antler growth, but it is just one (albeit an important one) of many factors that affect deer antler growth. Even assuming that you are providing the best nutrition possible, other things, some within your control and some not, will affect production of trophy racks.

Factors in deer antler growth

General health greatly influences a variety of factors that affect deer antler growth, such as feed intake and hormone production. If your deer are laboring under a parasite load (internal or external), clinical or sub-clinical disease challenges, or have been injured, antler growth will be negatively affected no matter how nutritious the feed because nutrition will be siphoned off to deal with these other issues. Good management must go hand-in-hand with nutrition to get optimum results.

Deer habitat and antler growth

Environmental conditions are also a factor. Climate can affect how much time a deer spends eating, moving around, resting, etc., and how much energy it expends just staying warm or cooling down. Stressors such as traffic or roaming dogs can upset deer, raising blood levels of the stress hormone cortisol and negatively impacting feeding behavior and nutrient usage. Even something like an improper feeder design can affect how much a deer will eat.

Hydration maximizes feed intake in deer

Water availability is critical. Research has shown that in many species of ruminants, if water intake is reduced even minimally, food intake drops also. Water must be fresh, clean, available, and away from stressors that might inhibit a deer’s water intake. Maximizing water intake will help maximize feed intake.

The genetic footprint

Genetics, of course, are very important. If a buck is genetically programmed to be average, then the best feed in the world will make him only average. Keep in mind, however, that a lesser feed will allow him to be only less than average. However, a buck genetically programmed to have a superior rack will not achieve that growth without optimal nutritional support. If you want your bucks to achieve their genetic potential, then you must feed them accordingly.

Population density relative to antler growth

Finally, there are population factors that can affect deer antler growth, primarily population density (how many animals are in a given space) and dominance relationships between bucks. Even mild crowding is a stressor that affects hormone levels, impacts feeding behavior, and leads to increased energy expenditure and even injuries due to increased movement and numbers of altercations. Bucks must be managed with their social hierarchy in mind if injuries are to be minimized and desired breeding strategies achieved.

All in all, while nutrition is extremely important, and great trophy racks will not be achieved without optimal nutrition, management and genetics are also critical to achieving superior antler growth.

Source: Purina Animal Nutrition

Three Reasons for Weaning Calves Early

Friday, July 29th, 2022

There are certain scenarios where weaning calves early makes sense from both a cow & calf health standpoint and from an economic perspective.The majority of U.S. cattle producers will wean calves at around 205 days of age 1, or roughly seven months, and typically make the decision on weaning time based on calf age, calf weight, or because ‘it’s what they’ve always done.’

But, there are certain scenarios where weaning calves early makes sense from both a cow and calf health standpoint and from an economic perspective.

There are a variety of economic benefits to implementing early weaning strategies. For the calf, we’re looking at a feeding during a time in their lives when they are extremely efficient at converting feed to gain.

For the cow, we’re able to give her some forage resources that would typically go to the calf, thus allowing her to pick up condition score going into the winter months. Putting on that extra condition means we can save on some winter supplementation by not having to play nutritional catch-up.

Here are three scenarios where implementing early weaning might make sense:

1. Drought or low forage situations
One of the most common reasons for a producer to consider early weaning would be if they’re in a summer drought situation. Considering early weaning in this scenario would save some of your valuable forages for the cow.

Each day an early weaning strategy is implemented saves 10 pounds of forage for the cow. Implementing an early weaning program two to three months earlier than the industry average means that a significant amount of forage could be saved for the cow.

Those extra pounds of forage may go a long way towards increasing the condition score on the cow herd going into the winter months, as cows are likely either late in the second stage of pregnancy or early in the third stage.

Early weaning also means the nutritional requirements of the cow decrease as she no longer needs to put resources towards milk production, allowing her to shift those energy resources to gaining condition.

2. To hit your marketing window
Early weaning may help producers hit a more lucrative calf marketing time, given what the cattle markets are signaling to customers.

There are some scenarios where selling lighter calves means a higher price per hundredweight. There are also scenarios where selling calves earlier than the typical months when calves are marketed (typically mid- to late-fall) means a higher price floor.

If the marketing scenario is right, it’s always good to consider options to capitalize.

3. When stocking density is increased
A reason to wean early that’s becoming more prevalent is land cost, and subsequently increased stocking density. Some cattle producers today are trying to run more cows on the same acreage to potentially increase profit.

More cows on the same acreage mean that the forage resources are limited and that both cows and calves could potentially be shortchanged on nutrients.

If we’re short on forage, either quantity or quality-wise, it’s often a good plan to start calves on a higher plane of nutrition by going ahead and weaning them.

With any of these three scenarios, it’s critical to get early-weaned calves on a quality nutrition program.
These early weaned calves can’t hold a lot of feed because of their small rumen size. At the same time, the calf’s requirements per pound of body weight are quite high. You need a high-quality, nutrient-dense, complete feed to get them off to the best start.

Content source:

NT Cosby, Ph.D.
Field Cattle Consultant
Purina Animal Nutrition

The Impact of Heat Stress on Deer

Wednesday, July 27th, 2022

Heat stress on deer can have metabolic and hormonal effects on ruminants that have significant production impacts including reduced feed intake, growth, milk production, and reproduction.Heat stress on deer can have metabolic and hormonal effects on ruminants that have significant production impacts including reduced feed intake, growth, milk production, and reproduction.1 By understanding heat stress, when it occurs, and its impact on deer can help improve management decisions.

Each species has a specific thermoneutral zone (TNZ) where the animal feels comfortable. At temperatures below and above the TNZ, the metabolic rate increases to keep the body warmer or cooler. Due to the increased metabolic rate, a greater amount of energy is needed and therefore negatively impacts health and productivity parameters. The temperature range for the TNZ is also affected by moisture, wind chill, solar radiation, body condition, and hair coat. In white-tailed deer, the transitional hair coat in the fall offered more protection against temperature extremes than the summer coat and results in a larger TNZ.5Heat stress occurs when the temperature or temperature-humidity indices (a combination of ambient temperature and relative humidity) go above the upper critical temperature of the TNZ. For northern white-tailed deer, the upper critical temperature is 68°F during the summer and 77° in the winter.5 See Table 1 for the TNZ of selected cervid species.

White-tailed deer reduce movement, spend more time lying, seek cooler locations, look for shelter from solar radiation, and pant to dissipate heat during heat stress.5 As panting increases, there is an increased risk of rumen acidosis due to a decrease in rumen buffering capacity through increased exhalation of CO2 and loss of saliva by drooling.1 Elk rarely pant, but sweat to cool off.6 Deer under climatic stress, like heat, can have a negative effect on nutritional status at a time when growth, lactation, and antler production occurs. This reduction in productive activity is partly due to reduced feed intake, altered endocrine status, reduced rumination, nutrient absorption, and increased maintenance requirements.1 This results in reduced energy and nutrient availability. If heat stress occurs and results in a negative energy balance just after fawning, there could be an increased risk of metabolic disorders, health problems, decreased milk yield, and reduced reproductive performance.3 Reduced nutrient intake during lactation can also lead to inefficient nitrogen incorporation into microbial proteins in the rumen and loss of amino acids that were mobilized from skeletal muscle.1 Feed conversion efficiency is reduced in part due to increased energy expended to rid the body of excess heat and reduced digestibility of higher fiber forages.4

The goal is to reduce the potential impact of heat stress to keep animals eating and in positive energy balance. One of those management activities could be to provide additional cover in the form of improved habitat, stands of trees, or artificial shade structures.7 Because water is important to help dissipate heat, make sure deer have access to fresh water near every feeder or every 300 acres.7

Through Purina’s deer research program, a patent-pending mixture of plant extracts, Climate Guard® supplement, was identified that support deer during climatic stress events like heat. Climate Guard® supplement has been added to all Purina® AntlerMax® deer feed, except AntlerMax® Deer Mineral and Extreme Energy supplement.

Shop J&N Feed and Seed in Graham, Texas, for Purina Climate Guard Supplement. While you are here, ask us about our feeder filling services.
Source: Michael Schlegel, Ph.D., PAS, Dipl. ACAS-Nutrition
Sr. Nutritionist, Wildlife & Small Ruminant Technical Solutions
Table 1. Thermoneutral zones for selected cervid species
                                                         Thermoneutral Zone
Specie SeasonA Lower Critical
temperature, F
Upper critical
temperature, F
White-tailed deer Sp, Su, Fa
1Holter et al., 1975
1Holter et al., 1975
Black-tailed deer Su
2Bunnell, 1990
2Bunnell, 1990
Mule deer Su
5Paker & Robins, 1984
5Paker & Robins, 1984
Elk Wn -4 68 6Paker & Robins, 1984
ASp=Spring, Su=Summer, Fa=Fall, Wn=Winter

1Bernabucci, U., N. Lacetera, L.H. Baumgard, R.P. Rhoads, B. Ronchi, and A. Nardone. 2010. Metabolic and hormonal acclimation to heat stress in domesticated ruminants. Animal 4:1167-1183.

2Bunnell, F.L. 1990. Ecology of black-tailed deer. In: Deer and Elk Habitats in Coastal Forests of Southern British Columbia, J.B. Nyberg and D.W. Janz, eds. Research Branch, Ministry of Forests, Province of British Columbia, Victoria, pp 31-63.

3Drackley, J.K. 1999. Biology of dairy cows during the transition period: The final frontier? Journal of Dairy Science. 82:2259-2273.

4Fuquay, J.W. 1981. Heat stress as it affects animal production. Journal of Animal Science. 52:164-174.

5Holter, J.B., W.E. Urban, Jr., H.H. Hayes, H. Silver, and H.R. Skutt. 1975. Ambient temperature effects on physiological traits of white-tailed deer. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 53:679-685.

6Parker, K.L., and C.T. Robbins. 1984. Thermoregulation in mule deer and elk. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 62:1409-1422.

7Schreiber, C. 2015. Research suggest south Texas heat impacts deer productivity. Texas Wildlife. August:50-51.

8Silanikove, N. 2000. Effects of heat stress on the welfare of extensively managed domestic ruminants. Livestock Production Science. 67:1-18.

9Tomeček, J.M. and M. Russell, 2016. Managing heat for wildlife on Texas rangelands. Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service. EWF=034.  Available at:

2022 – 2023 Texas Hunting Season

Thursday, July 14th, 2022

Texas Parks & Wildlife released the 2022 – 2023 Texas Hunting Season dates. Check them out below. You can find more information on their website. Before you head to the lease, stop by J&N Feed and Seed for all your hunting supplies, feeds, and attractants. Ask us about our feeder setup and filling services!

    Javelina season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    General North Oct. 1 – Feb. 262022 – 2023 Texas Hunting Season dates are published, take a look here. Shop J&N Feed in Graham, Texas, for feeders, attractants, and more.
    South Sep. 1 – Aug. 31


    Mule deer season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    General Panhandle Nov. 19 – Dec. 4
    Trans-Pecos Nov. 25 – Dec. 11
    Archery 59 of 254 counties Oct. 1 – Nov. 4


    Pronghorn season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    General 41 of 254 counties Oct. 1-16


    Squirrel season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    General East Texas Oct. 1 – Feb. 26 & May 1-31
    Other open counties Sep. 1 – Aug. 31
    Youth-only East Texas Sep. 24 – 25


    White-tailed deer season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    General North Nov. 5 – Jan. 1
    South Nov. 5 – Jan. 15
    Special Late North Jan. 2-15
    South Jan. 16-29
    Youth-Only North Oct. 29-30 & Jan. 2-15
    South Oct. 29-30 & Jan. 2-15
    Archery 252 of 254 counties Oct. 1 – Nov. 4
    Muzzleloader 90 of 254 counties Jan. 2-15



    Chachalaca season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    Regular Cameron, Hidalgo, Starr & Willacy Counties Oct. 29 – Feb. 26


    Pheasant season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    Regular Panhandle Dec. 3 – Jan. 1


    Quail season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    Regular Statewide Oct. 29 – Feb. 26


    Rio Grande Turkey
    Rio Grande Turkey season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    Fall North Nov. 5 – Jan. 1
    South Nov. 5 – Jan. 15
    Brooks, Kenedy, Kleberg & Willacy counties Nov. 5 – Feb. 26
    Archery-only Oct. 1 – Nov. 4
    Fall Youth-only North Oct. 29-30 & Jan. 2-15
    South Oct. 29-30 & Jan. 16-29
    Spring North April 1 – May 14
    South Mar. 18 – Apr. 30
    One-turkey counties Apr. 1-30
    Spring Youth-Only North Mar. 25-26 & May 20-21
    South Mar. 11-12 & May 6-7
    Eastern Turkey
    Eastern Turkey season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    Spring East Texas Apr. 22 – May 14


  • DOVE
    Dove season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    Regular North Sep. 1 – Nov. 13 & Dec. 17 – Jan. 1
    Central Sep. 1 – Oct. 30 & Dec. 17 – Jan. 15
    South Sep. 14 – Oct. 30 & Dec. 17 – Jan. 22
    Special White-winged Dove Days South Sep. 2-4 & Sept. 9-11


  • DUCK
    Duck season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    Regular High Plains Mallard Management Unit Oct. 29-30 & Nov. 4 – Jan. 29
    North Nov. 12-27 & Dec. 3 – Jan. 29
    South Nov. 5-27 & Dec. 10 – Jan. 29
    Youth/Veterans High Plains Mallard Management Unit Oct. 22-23
    North Nov. 5-6
    South Oct. 29-30


    Goose season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    Early Canada Goose East Sep. 10- 25
    Light & Dark Geese West Nov. 5 – Feb. 5
    East Nov. 5- Jan. 29
    Light Goose Conservation Order West Feb. 6 – Mar. 12
    East Jan. 30 – Mar. 12


    Rails, Gallinules & Moorhens hunting seasons and dates
    Season Zone Dates
    Regular Statewide Sep. 10-25 & Nov. 5 – Dec. 28


    Sandhill Cranes hunting seasons and dates
    Season Zone Dates
    Regular A Oct. 29 – Jan. 29
    B Nov. 25 – Jan. 29
    C Dec. 17 – Jan. 22


    Common season dates
    Season Zone Dates
    Regular Statewide Nov. 5 – Feb. 19


  • TEAL
    Teal hunting seasons and dates
    Season Zone Dates
    September Teal Only Statewide Sep. 10-25


    Woodcock hunting seasons and dates
    Season Zone Dates
    Regular Statewide Dec. 18 – Jan. 31



    Alligator hunting seasons and dates
    Season Zone Dates
    General 22 Counties & Special Properties Sep. 10-30
    All Other Counties Apr. 1-June 30


    Rabbits and Hares hunting seasons and dates
    Season Zone Dates
    Regular Statewide No closed season

Double Down Deer Feed & Mineral

Wednesday, June 22nd, 2022

Double Down Deer Feed at J&N Feed and Seed in Graham, Texas.Double Down Deer Feed and Double Down Custom Mineral are now available at J&N Feed and Seed.

Double Down Deer Feed is a custom blend originally created for the Holden Pasture Deer Lease.

  • Formulated with the highest quality ingredients.
  • Contains ZERO least-cost rations and ZERO grain by-products.
  • Includes a quality yeast culture to aid in digestion and support a healthy rumen.
  • Contains one of the highest pelletized TDN  (Total Digestible Nutrient) levels on the deer feed market.
  • Developed with proven attractants to draw in and attract overall consumption.

Double Down Custom Minerals  – Contains a vitamin package with increased concentrations of Vitamin A, Double Down Deer Feed Custom Mineral available at J&N Feed and Seed.Vitamin D, and Vitamin E.

  • Mineral package contains key proteinates such as Iron Proteinate, Zinc Proteinate, Copper Proteinate, and Cobalt Proteinate.
  • A quality yeast culture included aiding in the digestion and distribution of Double Down® Custom Minerals.
  • Contains proprietary attractants to aid in consumption.
  • Mix custom minerals with deer corn at a rate of 8lbs DDCM to 300lbs corn.

Shop J&N Feed and Seed in Graham, Texas, for wildlife feeds, feeders, attractants, and of course firearms. We offer feed and feeder delivery and set up as well as filling services and feeder repair services.



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