Deworming Horses :: J & N Feed and Seed

Archive for May 8th, 2014

Equine Health: Deworming Horses

Thursday, May 8th, 2014

dewormingDeworming treatments are a regular component of horse health maintenance, but many horse owners may not understand the best schedule for their horse. While deworming regimens vary by region, there are some ground rules for owners to follow. We recommend working closely with your equine veterinarian on a proper deworming schedule.

Dr. Thomas Craig, professor at Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences (CVM), who specializes in epidemiology and the control of internal parasites in equines and grazing animals, offered some insight into deworming. Craig explained that in a given population of horses, about 20 percent will have 80 percent of the total internal parasites of the herd.

Another basic guideline is that deworming should be based on the age of the horse. There is a drastic difference in the deworming needs of a foal (less than a year) and an adult horse.

“What’s effective in adults may not be effective in foals,” Craig said.

Craig suggested deworming foals for the first time at two months of age. Parascaris equorum are of particular concern at this age.

“I recommend using fenbendazole, a broad spectrum benzimidazole anthelmintic, such as Safe-Guard, or a pyrantel dewormer such as Strongid for foals two months old,” Craig said.

As the foal matures, it is recommended that the same treatment be used at four and six months of age. When the foal reaches a year old, Craig suggested using an ivermectin or moxidectin treatment for deworming.

When worming adult horses (older than one year), the approach changes considerably. The most dangerous parasitic threat to horses are small strongyles, which are present in most horses. Craig recommended testing mature horses through fecal samples to determine the number and types of parasitic eggs in the horse’s digestive system.

“After strongyles, the rest of parasitic control is really just a numbers game,” Craig said. “In older horses, you really only need to deworm horses with high numbers of parasites. Adult horses with less than a few hundred eggs per gram can be relatively left alone.”

Craig suggested treating all horses during the winter with ivermectin to combat bot fly larvae “A good reminder, is to treat your horse with ivermectin around Christmas time,” Craig said. “They often acquire bot larvae during the fall months, so winter is really the best time to deworm with ivermectin.

Aside from bot fly larvae, other, less common parasites are pinworms and tapeworms. Horses with pinworms are typically kept in stalls. One of the most common signs of pinworm infected horses is an itchy tail. Craig suggested treating an infected horse with a fenbendazole dewormer once a month, for three months along with a good shampoo of the horse’s rear end.

“The pinworm eggs can only survive about 30 days, so I recommend vacating the stall for a month until the eggs die on their own,” Craig added. “There is no product to kill the eggs, but allowing them to die on their own can be helpful in preventing re-infection”

Tapeworms can cause mild colic in horses because they often attach to the valve between the small and large intestine. Craig recommended deworming in the fall (September, October, or November) with a dewormer containing praziquantel or a double dose of pyrantel.

These recommendations are all suggested guidelines for parasite management in horses. Craig recommended following these guidelines, particularly in the Texas region. Altering deworming according to your horse’s age and parasite testing results are the two most important guidelines and can help horse owners develop an effective and sustainable parasite program, Craig said.

 

Source: College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University

Feeding Chickens Nearing Maturity

Thursday, May 8th, 2014

SunfreshScratchGrainsAs you reach the third month, your chicks are continuing to grow, maturing weekly and becoming quite independent.  They become sexually mature between 4 and 6 months of age and with proper care and excellent nutrition the first egg is laid soon!

  • You should still be feeding Purina Start & Grow Sunfresh Recipe to your birds. A layer diet should not be fed until 18 weeks of age because of the high calcium levels which are inappropriate for younger birds. Be sure to gradually transition the birds from the starter feed to the layer feed over 7 to 10 days.
  • Remember to always provide fresh water. Water is essential for healthy chickens, not to mention future egg production. As the weather gets warmer, they will drink more water so make sure they have access to a never-ending supply!
  • Purina Scratch Grains Sunfresh Grains can be introduced to your flock after 12 weeks of age. This natural, all grain supplement should be fed along with a complete and balanced diet and should not make up more than 5-10 percent of the total daily intake.
  • If you feed Purina Scratch Grains Sunfresh Grains, your birds should also have access to “grit.” Grit is made up of small insoluble granite particles, which assist in digestion of feed by helping to grind it up in the gizzard. Feed 1 pound per 100 birds, twice per week either mixed with other feed or free choice.
  • Remember to provide your pullets with 17-18 hours of light per day starting at 16 weeks of age.

Source: Purina Poultry

Young County Barrel Racing

Sunday, April 13th, 2014
Apr ’14
22
6:00 pm
May ’14
8
6:00 pm

imgresYoung County Barrel Race Jackpot will be held in the Outback Arena at the Young County Arena in Graham on May 8 and 22, 2014 from 6:00pm to 7:45pm. (Additional time after Jackpot – time permitting)

  • $50 Added Money
  • Concession stand on site
  • $25 4-D Jackpot 8:00pm

For more info please call: 254-979-5255

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