Archive for April, 2016

Feeding Brood Mares for Optimum Performance

Monday, April 25th, 2016

Feeding Brood MaresWhen feeding brood mares, we must keep in mind that not only do we need to meet the nutritional needs of the mare, we must also meet the nutritional needs of the foal. Therefore, the needs of the brood mare change depending on the stage of reproduction.

One factor to keep in mind when feeding brood mares is that body condition may be the single largest influence on the mare’s reproductive performance. Research has shown that mares maintained in moderate to fleshy condition cycle earlier in the year, require fewer cycles to conception, have higher pregnancy rates and are more likely to maintain pregnancies that are thin mares. The recommendation is for brood mares to be maintained at a Body Condition Score of 5.5 to 7. (BCS’s range from 1 to 9, see Body Condition Scoring Your Horse for more information).

Open mares
The open mare (not pregnant) can be fed much like a maintenance horse. The energy (calorie) requirements of mature, idle horses are low and may be met by feeding high-quality forages. However, since high-quality forages may not always be available, concentrate feeds such as Purina® Strategy® GX, Strategy® Healthy Edge or Omolene #100® horse feeds may be fed in combination with forage sources to maintain the horse. Further, hay and/or pasture will likely not meet all the protein, mineral and vitamin needs of the mare, so the concentrated feed (fed at recommended amounts) will provide essential nutrients to meet the mare’s requirements.

In many situations, open mares fed good quality forages will maintain their body condition easily on the calories provided by grass or hay alone. In this case, Purina® Enrich Plus® ration balancing horse feed may be appropriate in small amounts (1-2 pounds per day) in addition to the forage to supply adequate protein, vitamins, and minerals without adding unnecessary calories for the brood mare.

Early gestation
During early pregnancy (first eight months), the mare can be fed the same as the open mare. During this time, the unborn foal is growing at a rate of about 0.2 pounds per day, which is slow enough that the mare does not usually require extra feeding. Again, however, forages alone may not contain adequate amino acids, phosphorus, copper, and other minerals and vitamins, so the addition of Purina® Strategy® GX, Strategy® Healthy Edge, or  Omolene #100® (or Omolene #200®) horse feed is appropriate. Purina® Ultium® Growth Horse Feed is another option for mares that require higher caloric density to maintain body weight and condition during early gestation. If the mare is an easy keeper and maintains body weight and condition on hay or pasture alone, then Purina® Enrich Plus® would be a good choice to provide essential nutrients for the mare and the developing foal.

Late gestation
Sixty percent of the unborn foal’s growth occurs during the last three months of pregnancy, so the mare’s protein, energy, vitamin and mineral requirements increase to meet these needs. In fact, the foal’s growth rate increases to about 1 pound per day during this period. In order to meet the needs of both mare and the developing foal, Purina® Ultium® Growth, Strategy® GX or Omolene #200® horse feed should be fed along with good quality hay and/or grass.

Mare lactation
Nutrient requirements for digestible energy in lactating mares depend on the composition and quantity of milk produced.  Mares with greater milk production will need more energy (total calories) in their diets. Mares produce an average of three gallons of milk daily during a five-month lactation period. Digestible energy requirements are highest for lactating mares immediately after foaling.  Depending on the mare, energy requirements may increase up to double the maintenance requirements.  Protein requirements are also highest during the first three months of lactation. Early in lactation, the foal requires milk that is rich in energy, protein, calcium, and phosphorus, so the mare must be fed appropriately. Keep in mind, however, that a sudden change in feed to meet the mare’s increased need may result in digestive disturbances such as colic.  Increases in the mares’ need should be made gradually over seven to 10 days to allow the mare’s digestive system to adjust. Purina® Ultium® Growth, Strategy® GX or Omolene #300® are all appropriate choices to meet the mare’s needs, especially if the foal is allowed to nibble on the mare’s feed.

In the fourth, fifth and sixth months of lactation, the mare’s milk supply decreases, therefore her need for additional nutrients declines, and her feeding level should be reduced proportionately to maintain her body condition score for the next breeding season or to support a new pregnancy.

Visit us today at J & N Feed and Seed for the right Purina Horse Feeds to meet your brood mare’s nutritional needs.

Source: Katie Young, Ph.D. – Equine Nutritionist, Manager Equine Technical Services, Purina Mills

Enter to Win a Lifetime Super Combo License

Thursday, April 21st, 2016

This is your chance to win a Lifetime Super Combo License, giving you the right to hunt and fish in Texas without ever having to buy another state license.

Only $5 per entry and you can enter as many times as you like!

Purchase your entries wherever Texas hunting and fishing licenses are sold.

Find a retailer near you or purchase online now!

The next drawing will be held on June 30, 2016. Entries will be on sale through midnight, June 27, 2016. If you entered before December 27, 2015 and your name wasn’t drawn in the December drawing, you will be eligible for the June 30, 2016 drawing.

The drawing package also includes a 1-year subscription to Texas Parks & Wildlife magazine. All proceeds from the Lifetime License Drawing fees go directly to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department for on-the-ground conservation efforts that help make Texas one of the best places in the country to hunt and fish.

2015-2016 Official Rules 

Click here for more information on Lifetime Licenses.

Snake Bite Cautions for Horse Owners

Monday, April 4th, 2016

Snake Bite Cautions for Horse Owners

Spring and summer months bring an increase in horse activities and the end of hibernation for rattlesnakes. As they begin to emerge and leave their dens, until their return during cooler fall weather, this movement and activity increases the incidence of horses bitten by rattlesnakes. Of the 27 species of rattlesnakes in the United States, 11 are found in Texas. The Western Diamondback Rattlesnake and the Prairie Rattlesnake are the most common rattlesnakes found in the western part of Texas where veterinarians treat an average of about 6 – 10 cases per year. Over 90% of these bites occur on the face, primarily the nose, in pastures or fields while the horse is grazing. They can also receive some nose bites when the horse gets curious to the sound, site and smell of the rattlesnake. The second most common bite site occurs on the lower limbs. Rarely, horses may be bitten on the chest, abdomen, upper legs or other locations while the horse is lying down.

Rattlesnake venom contains many myotoxins and hemotoxins.  Localized signs of rattlesnake bites include significant to severe swelling, pain, and bleeding at the bite site, with significant tissue damage. Horses become lethargic and usually have difficulty breathing. Occasionally, systemic signs such as dehydration, fever and irregularities in heart rate and rhythm can be present. Shock rarely occurs. Severity of reactions may depend on the amount and concentration of the venom injected by the snake. Size, species, health, age of snake and condition of its fangs also can affect the outcome of the bite.

When a horse receives a rattlesnake bite, keeping the horse from moving or becoming excited prevents further absorption and circulation of the venom. This also limits further increases in respiratory rate through a horse’s restricted air passages. Most facial bites usually resolve with early treatment but an average of 20% of leg bites can result in chronic problems such as lameness or infection.

Rare long term complications include cardiac disease. Medical treatment is aimed at ensuring that the horse has adequate breathing capabilities. Cut off garden hoses or syringe cases can be placed a distance up the horse’s nostrils to open up the airways. Although this technique can be a useful tool, some horses won’t tolerate it because their nose is too painful and/or they are frightened by the procedure. Medications used by veterinarians include steroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to decrease swelling around the bite site. Tetanus prophylaxis also is indicated. Antibiotics are used as well as local wound therapy on leg bites. Wetting hay and feed for horses with facial bites can help them eat.

By Ginger Elliot, DVM, Guthrie, Texas

We Have Yellawood Timbers For Your Landscaping Projects

Friday, April 1st, 2016

yellawood timbersAvailable now at J & N Feed and Seed – Yellawood timbers. Timbers are the building block of many outdoor building projects. They provide perfect support for your deck, gazebo, or fence. They can also be used to outline your favorite flower bed or create the frame for a small raised garden area.

Yellawood Timbers are treated to protect against rot, fungal decay and termites. Stop in and pick some up for your weekend yard project. Need some ideas? Here are just a few. 

 

Fish Truck Delivery On April 8th

Wednesday, March 23rd, 2016
Apr ’16
8
9:00 am

Fish Truck DeliveryFish Truck Delivery at J&N Feed and Seed on April 8th

Looking for pond stocking in Graham, Texas? We’ve got a fish truck delivery coming in April! The Stock My Pond fish truck will make a delivery to J&N Feed and Seed in Graham, Texas, on Friday, April 8th, from 9 to 10:00 am.  With the unusually warm and wet winter we’ve had, it’s a great time to get your pond stocked and ready for the warmer weather.

The Stock My Pond fish truck will have channel cat, large mouth bass, black crappie, bluegill, hybrid bluegill, red ear bream, and fathead minnows.  Find out what type and size fish we offer on our website.   The Stock My Pond fish truck provides containers for all fish but the 11″ channel cats, so please bring your containers for them.

It is not necessary to pre-order the fish, but if you are looking for a large quantity or pond packages, we suggest you call.  Questions?  Call Stock My Pond at 501-676-3768 or give us a call at the store 940- 549-4631.

J&N Feed and Seed
450 Pecan Street
Graham, TX
Phone: (940) 549-4631

Fire It Up Trailer Roping In Graham

Friday, March 18th, 2016
Apr ’16Apr
23

trailer ropingFire It Up Trailer Roping come to the Young County Arena on April 2 and April 3, 2016. Up for grabs in this event are 14 Cactus Saddles, 8 Buckles, 20 Breast Collars and 20 Pairs of Spurs. If you’ve never seen a trailer roping event, this is a great opportunity right here in Graham.

Young County Arena
120 Barclay Blvd
Graham, TX  76450
903-721-0303

Schedule of Events: Books OPEN at 8:00 am and Rope at 9:30 am

SATURDAY

  • #7 Ritchie Roping Warm-up
  • Cowboy Church Service
  • #8 Cactus Saddle Blowout

SUNDAY

  • #9 Trinity Roping
  • #10 Starky Painter Roping
  • #11 Resistol Roping

Trailer to High Point Roper of the day! Points through 10th place in each roping.

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