Archive for the ‘News & Updates’ Category

Managing Weight Gain in Pigs

Friday, September 22nd, 2017

Weight Gain in PigsIt is not enough to merely weigh enough to make the minimum weight, or just barely slip in under the maximum weight when showing pigs.

The pig must look its absolute best when it takes its first step into the show ring. Anything less is unacceptable.

So, how do we accomplish this task? The best method to arrive at the weight you desire for your pig and have it looking its best is to think about this when you purchase your pig. Beginning to think about this with 10 days or less until show time is poor planning, and a design for failure.
Progressive judges are selecting modern showpigs that are fresh, full, youthful, muscular, and are shown at about 6 months of age. So, the best way to limit the aggravation and mental anguish of holding a pig for extended periods of time is to purchase appropriately aged pigs. Pay attention to the date of birth, and use the days until weigh in at your show to calculate the age the pig will be at that time. If you find a really good pig that will be 7 months old at weigh in, select another that will be the right age.
Hand feeding your pigs will result in most control over weight gain. You determine how much feed the pig will receive each day, and you have control over the ultimate weight of the pig. Allow your pig to grow fairly normally until at least 150 lbs. It is important to feed the correct amount of feed daily. Under feeding the pig will result in poor growth performance and underweight pigs with inferior muscling and body condition.
Below is a table containing the daily feeding rate for HONOR® Show Chow® grow/finish products, to produce normal growth and development:
FEED 50 -100 lbs 100 – 150 lbs 150 – 200 lbs 200 – 250 lbs
HSC SHOWPIG 709 4 – 5 lbs 4.5 – 6 lbs 5.5 – 6 lbs 6 – 7 lbs
HSC FINALE® 809 – 5 – 6 lbs 6 – 7 lbs 6 – 7 lbs
By feeding the correct amounts per day you will ensure your pig will have the proper nutrition to adequately express its genetic roadmap. If nutrition is limited early on before the pig reaches about 150 lbs, the pig will not have the opportunity to reach is genetic potential for muscle and frame size. In addition, the pig might well be permanently programmed for a negative outcome.
Okay, you purchased an appropriately aged pig and just happened to growth fast and efficiently. You find yourself in this situation:
  • Maximum weight limit 280 lbs
  • Weight of your pig 240 lbs
  • Days until show 45
  • Pig needs muscle shape
  • Pig needs help with rib shape
  • Pig needs more cover
Since the pig needs more muscle shape, Paylean® will be fed for the final 14 – 21 days. Paylean® will greatly increase growth rate. So, the pig will need to grow a little slower prior to being fed Paylean to manage weight.
The pig also needs help with rib shape. High Octane® Depth Charge® will help greatly with adding gut fill and rib shape. The pig will also need to be fed an energy supplement to increase body condition or cover.
The following is a list of products that will be needed to manage weight gain and have the pig looking its best on show day:
High Octane® Powerfill™
High Octane® Champion Drive™
High Octane® Power Fuel®
High Octane® Showpig Paylean® Premix
High Octane® Depth Charge®
High Octane® Heavy Weight™
The basic principle behind slowing growth and keeping the pig fresh, muscular and youthful appearing is to meet its daily nutrient requirements in as small a daily feeding rate as possible. In that way the pig remains looking great, but cannot grow fast because of the small daily meals.
To accomplish this, use the supplements above to concentrate essential amino acids, energy, minerals and vitamins.
Another very important point to remember is the pig will lose some weight during the transportation to the show. At any one time during the feeding period, a pig will have somewhere between 6 and 8 lbs of feed in its digestive tract. When the pig is transported to show, it empties the contents of the digestive tract along with losing some water weight in the form of urination. Conservatively, the average pig will lose 5 lbs during transportation. Add this weight on the weight the pig can gain before going “overweight”.
The pig weighs 240 lbs currently, the maximum weight limit is 280 lbs, and it will lose 5 lbs on the trip to the show for a total amount it can gain in the next 45 of 45 lbs (280 – 240 + 5).
The pig will be fed Paylean® for the final 14 days leading up to show, so it will gain faster for that period. The pig will need to gain slower for the initial 31 days. Feed so that the pig gains about 0.60 to 0.70 lbs per day. Feed this diet for the first 21 days:
High Octane® Powerfill™ 2 lbs
High Octane® Champion Drive™ 1/2 lbs
High Octane® Power Fuel® 1/2 lbs
High Octane® Depth Charge® 1/2 to 1 lbs
If the pig did not need to improve in cover, Champion Drive™ could be fed at 1 lbs per day and the Power Fuel®could be omitted at this point. However, Paylean® does two other things well in addition to improving weight gain. Paylean® also decreases the amount of body fat (if sufficient energy is not fed each day), and it also drastically increases muscle. So in order to produce a pig with “soft” muscle on show day, we will need to improve the body fat (cover) of the pig prior to feeding Paylean®. That is why the Power Fuel® has been placed in the diet above.
Champion Drive™ will also do a very nice job at improving the shape and volume of the pig’s top. It is a very useful tool in creating the “show” look you want.
Depth Charge® is a pelleted product that expands in the pig’s digestive tract creating fill, and helping with rib shape. Depth Charge® is very palatable and usually there is no need to wet the product prior to feeding.
It is also important to note that when hand or limit feeding the pig needs to receive two equally sized meals about 12 hours apart each day. So, divide the above in two equal feedings morning and evening. In addition, never limit water intake.
The pig should gain an average of about 0.7 lbs per day on the above diet. Remember that pigs are different and respond to nutrition, especially small daily portions differently. One pig might gain 0.5 lbs per day on the above diet, while another may well gain 0.8 lbs per day. So weigh the pigs frequently when limiting weight gain. Weighing every day is not too often. If you find the pig is gaining slower or faster than you desire adjust the feed, either an increase to improve growth rate, or decrease to slow growth rate.
At the end of the initial 21 days, the pig should have gained about 15 lbs. That will put the pig at 255 lbs with 24 days until weigh in. Remember that the pig will be fed Paylean® the final 14 days, so for the next 10 days we will need to 1) continue to limit growth, 2) increase body condition, and 3 keep the pig looking great.
Feed the following diet for the next 10 days to continue limiting growth and improving cover:
(Again total per day)
High Octane® Powerfill™ 1 ½ lbs
High Octane® Champion Drive™ ½ lbs
High Octane® Power Fuel® ¼ lbs
High Octane® Heavy Weight™ ½ lbs
High Octane® Depth Charge® ½ to 1 lbs
The pig should again gain 0.70 lbs per day. However during the period the pig should be increasing body condition (cover) at a faster rate. At the end of the 10 days the pigs should have gained 7.0 lbs and should now weigh 262 lbs.
There is now 14 days left until weigh in, and the pig can gain 23 lbs, for an average daily gain of about 1.64 lbs per day.
Feed the following diet (again divided into two equal feedings per day):
High Octane® Powerfill™ 1 ½ lbs
High Octane® Champion Drive™ 1 lbs
High Octane® Power Fuel® ½ lbs
High Octane® Heavy Weight™ ½ lbs
High Octane® Showpig Paylean® Premix 2 ounces
High Octane® Depth Charge® ½ to 1 lbs
If you find that the pig is gaining less than the 1.64 lbs per day, you can increase the Powerfill™ to 2 lbs per day. At the end of this 14 day period the pig should be muscular, fresh, youthful, and full.
Remember that the goal is to not only get the pig where you want it to weigh, but have it looking its absolute best on show day. Exercise is a vital component to a great feeding program. It is especially important when managing weight gain. A daily routine of walking and practicing showing is important to the success of your showpig project.
High Octane Heavy Weight™ is a new high fat (70%), water miscible product that helps increase daily feed intake, fat cover, and growth rate. It is very useful in scenarios where limiting growth and keep the looking great is a must. Feed at the rate of 2 to 4 oz per day to help encourage more feed intake, and 4 to 16 oz per day to improve fat cover and growth rate.
Do not be afraid to ask for help. There are experienced feeders that can be a wealth of experience for you.
Article Attributed to Purina Animal Nutrition

October Garden Tips

Monday, September 18th, 2017

October Garden Tips

October Garden Tips

Usher in the autumn season with creative displays for indoors and out! Transformation quickly occurs with pots of mums, pansies, cabbages and ornamental peppers when combined with pumpkins, gourds and bales of hay.

Create a spectacular vignette in your landscape with bales of hay, a scarecrow or two, multiple sizes of pumpkins and gourds, pots of garden mums, corn stalks and for more texture consider adding old tools, a set of antlers or birdhouses. The autumn color palette offers a myriad of wonderful colors from which to choose; purples, rusts, gold’s, yellows, oranges, deep greens and browns can be used. Whether you are mixing colors or working with only one, use color abundantly to create massive appeal. Create a pyramid of pumpkins and gourds by selecting different colors and stacking them one on top of the other. Simply displaying a “pile” of pumpkins in the same color palette and different sizes will draw ones eye and interest to an area of your landscape.

Color Creations filled with blooming or colorful foliage plants can be used on patios and porches. Freshen up existing containers by nestling an interesting pumpkin or gourd in amongst the plants. Fill a favorite basket or pot with a mixture of produce for a simple, impressive look. Add a bit of nature into your containers with branches, corn husks, berries and other materials to enhance the overall look.

If you did not apply a pre-emergent herbicide to your lawn in September; apply it by the first two weeks of October. You should also fertilize your St. Augustine or Bermuda lawns no later than the first week of October.

October is bulb buying month. They are in fresh supply and will provide welcome late winter and early spring color for the landscape. Refrigerate Tulips and Hyacinth bulb for at least 45 to 60 days to provide enough chilling to bloom properly. Plant them in late November or early December.


Fall Seed & Fertilizer

Wednesday, September 6th, 2017

fall seedNow is the time to get your fall seed. We have over 40 types of seed including wheat, oats, barley,  assorted rye grass seed and additives such as chicory and buck plot mixes.  Whether your seeding for livestock grazing, wildlife feed plots or something else, we’ve got the seed for you! Not sure what you need? Stop by and talk with our experts, we’re here to help!

We also have carry a variety of bagged and bulk fertilizer. Need help getting your bulk fertilizer home? No problem! Use one of our fertilizer spreaders free of charge! Stop by J & N Feed and Seed or call us for delivery at (940) 549-4631.

Orange Deer Corn & Feeder Mix from Orange Corn Company

Tuesday, September 5th, 2017

orange deer cornOrange Deer Corn and Trailpheez Feeder Mix from the Orange Corn Company is now available at J&N Feed and Seed.  Bring the deer in close with Orange Deer Corn. This 100% irrigated Yellow Corn deer attractant is available in 50 lb. bags. It is a highly potent deer corn attractant mixed with all-natural minerals packed with the irresistible scent and taste of oranges.  Best of all, this irresistible deer attractant is grown and produced in Rio Medina, Texas.

Want to mix your own deer corn? Try the Orange Corn Company Trailpheez Feeder Mix, available in convenient 5-ounce packets. Use in feeders to give pain corn that irresistible orange flavor and scent.  Simple to use, just mix one 5 oz packet of Traipheez Feeder Mix with 150 pounds of corn.


Quickdraw Deer Block Attractant & Supplement

Tuesday, September 5th, 2017

Quickdraw Deer Block

Attract and hold big bucks with Purina Mills Quickdraw Deer Block attractant and supplement available at J&N Feed and Seed.

Designed to attract deer with its irresistible scent & flavorings. Designed in a 20 lb block, it attracts big bucks and helps keep deer coming back. It can also be used to supplement poor quality forage or habitat. Studies on the Primos® Quick Draw® Deer Block attractant show strong consumption, driven by a proprietary flavoring agent not found in any other deer block.

Pick up all your hunting supplies, blinds, feeders, and wildlife feed at J&N Feed and Seed.  We’re all hunters here, so if you have any questions, please give us a call or stop by. We’re happy to help!

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Seasonal Diet Changes for Horses

Sunday, September 3rd, 2017

Karen E. Davison

Ph.D. – Director, Nutritionist, Equine Technical Solutions

Changing seasons can bring about potential problems for horses and horse owners. 

Pasture quality fluctuates with every season, but the shift in quality from summer to fall is significant. During the fall, there are often warm, sunny days and cool nights. Pasture plants manufacture sugars in the presence of water, carbon dioxide and sunshine, and then use those sugars to fuel growth during the night. However, when nighttime temperatures drop in the autumn, it becomes too chilly for plants to grow and the sugars are stored for later use.  This leads to a concentration of storSeasonal Diet Changes for Horsesed sugars in the plants, which may increase the risk of digestive upset or laminitis in some horses. Horses at most risk are those that are significantly overweight or those that have trouble managing normal blood sugar levels and are sensitive to sugar content in the diet.

Changing seasons also mean drastic swings in weather conditions and temperatures.  This, combined with a major diet adjustment of moving from pasture to hay, can increase the chance of digestive disturbances. While not scientifically proven, many horse owners and veterinarians have experienced what appears to be an association between changes in barometric pressure and incidence of colic episodes in horses. A dramatic drop in temperature often causes horses to drink less water, and at the same time, horse owners will often increase the amount of hay fed to help horses stay warm.  More hay and less water consumption together may lead to impaction colic.

As we move into fall and winter, hay becomes the major forage source for many horses.  Switching from pasture to hay or getting a new supply of hay represent as big a change to the horse as a change in grain. These significant dietary adjustments should ideally be made gradually to decrease the risk of digestive upset. Horses should be fed good-quality hay to maximize nutrition and minimize potential digestive problems. Good-quality hay, of any variety, will be clean and have a high leaf-to-stem ratio, small-diameter stems, few seed heads or blooms, a fresh smell and appearance, and a bright color (faded, yellow or brown color may indicate aged hay or poor storage conditions). The maturity of the plant at harvest determines the hay quality more than any other factor. Young, leafy, immature plants contain more protein, energy and minerals than older plants with thicker stems.  Also, as a plant matures, it contains more indigestible fiber (lignin), which reduces nutrient availability. Lower-quality hay must be supplemented with higher-quality feed to maintain horses’ good condition and health.

Fall is a season of transition and an important time to evaluate the quality of forage available for your horse and whether the grain ration is appropriate and adequate to meet your horse’s nutrient requirements. When winter arrives, horses must be in good condition to be able to withstand colder temperatures. Adjusting grain rations in the early fall will prevent weight loss due to lower-quality forage and, if horses need to gain weight, there is still time for a thinner horse to gain some before the cold weather really sets in.

Article Attributed to Purina and Dr. Karen E. Davidson

It’s Time To Plant Food Plot Mixes

Monday, August 28th, 2017

Food Plot MixesA food plot is a planted area set aside to act as a food source for wildlife. The term was coined by the U.S. hunting and outdoor industries. Food plots generally consist of, but are not limited to, legumes (clovers, alfalfa, beans, etc.) or forage grasses.

We are at the start date to plant winter food plots for deer. Product selection in this area is vast.  At J&N Feed and Seed, we carry a large number of food plot mixes including wheat, oats, winter peas, chicory, clover, turnips and alfalfa.  Stop by today and choose your plot mix. If you have any questions please give us a call or stop by the store.

September Gardening Tips

Friday, August 18th, 2017

September Gardening Tips

September Gardening Tips

September is a pivotal month for your landscape, with the official arrival of Autumn later this month, and hopefully, a return to cooler and wetter weather. It’s the gateway month between summer and fall gardening, so get outside and improve your landscape.

September is the time to apply lawn fertilizer to keep the grass healthy and growing up to the first frost. Always follow the directions on the package and avoid over-fertilizing, which will only damage your lawn. Fall-fertilized lawns are better equipped to make it through the winter and resume growth next spring than lawns that receive no fertilizer.

Double check your sprinklers carefully to make sure they are applying all that you expect in an even, uniform pattern.

Think back to last spring. Did you have lawn weeds in February and March before the grass started growing? Those were cool-season weeds, most of which germinated last fall. A pre-emergent herbicide applied in September will help reduce the recurrence of the same weeds next spring.

Sow Spring Wildflowers (like Bluebonnets) seeds now. For more reliable, uniform seed germination of our State flower, purchase acid-treated Bluebonnets seed. This treatment pits the seed coat, allowing nearly 100% germination in one to two weeks.

Need to add new shrubbery or trees to your landscape; this is a great month to do that. Fall landscaping done now will be well-rooted by next Spring and Summer.

Plant your fall vegetable garden. Plant cool-season vegetable garden with transplants of Broccoli, Cauliflower, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Chard, Collards, Lettuce, and Kale. Water your new vegetables and lightly top-dress with mulch to discourage weeds.

Three Trimesters that Last a Lifetime – Cow Gestation

Friday, August 18th, 2017

Cow GestationMake the most of calf development during cow gestation.

When you think of the first moments of a calf’s life, you might picture a newborn calf vigorously nursing a healthy mama cow. You probably don’t think of that calf in utero. But a calf’s lifetime performance can hinge on the nine months before birth. That’s why it’s important to take advantage of the 283 days of a cow’s gestation and reduce the potential “bad days” she has during her pregnancy. “A bad day is when a pregnant cow loses weight due to stressors like poor nutrition, disease challenges or harsh environment,” says Ron Scott, Ph. D., director of beef research for Purina Animal Nutrition. “External stressors can impact the cow’s entire metabolism and how nutrients flow to the growing fetus.” Limiting the cow’s bad days and improve your chance of positively influencing fetal growth, which is important during every trimester.


Building a foundation

“You might wonder, ‘why is a little-bitty fetus such a big deal?’” says Scott. “It’s simple: The first trimester is when you’re building the foundation of life for a calf. During this time the placenta develops and serves as a hotel room service for the fetus for the rest of the pregnancy.” The placenta is a direct connection that provides oxygen and nutrients from the dam to the developing fetus. If the placenta is not well developed because of cow stress, reduced blood flow can negatively affect fetal nutrition throughout gestation.

The first trimester is also when the fetal brain, heart, liver and reproductive organs form.

“We typically don’t think about replacement heifer development until there’s a live calf on the ground,” says Scott. “But developing a successful replacement heifer begins in the first trimester when germ cells start forming the reproductive system developed in utero will affect a heifer’s fertility throughout her life.


Muscling up

During the second trimester, the fetus continues to grow organs and establish internal systems that influence those organs for a lifetime. Fetal muscle fiber development also begins during this time. “Cattle produce muscle we sell in the form of weight, but a stressed cow can lead to reduced muscle fiber development and, ultimately, lower carcass weights,” says Scott. “When you think about what we sell as an industry, the second trimester is vital.”


Preparing for parturition

Growth skyrockets during the last trimester, and lung development is critical as the calf prepares for breathing on its own.

“The calf has, hopefully, been in an excellent environment, getting all of its nutrition and oxygen from the dam,” says Scott. “But once it’s born, it’s going to need to breathe on its own. It’s also going to need a nutritious diet. Stress and nutrition for the cow during the third trimester impacts colostrum quality and quantity.”


The most critical time

Is there a most important trimester?

“That’s like asking a parent to pick their favorite child,” says Scott. “Each trimester is vital in its own way.”

Historically, the last trimester was considered the most important because of 75 percent of fetal growth occurs during this time. Recently, more attention has been paid to the first trimester when the foundation of life is occurring. More research is being conducted to determine exactly how important this stage really is.

“One thing is clear – each trimester plays a significant role,” says Scott. “Consistent, daily nutrition to the dam can help avoid bad days that shortchange a developing fetus and its future performance.”


Take out the guesswork

What does all of this mean for you nutrition program?

“You don’t want to overfeed because it means you’re overspending,” says Scott. “However, feed is an investment, and good-quality forage is essential, especially during extreme heat or cold when energy intake is compromised.”

Cattle nutrition requirements change with the season, and it can sometimes be challenging to know what to provide your cows. One solution that helps eliminate guesswork is Accuration Supplement with Intake Modifying Technology. Accuration Supplements are designed so cows only consume them when they need them, which allows cows to get the nutrition they need.

Three trimesters and zero bad days. Take a look at your herd. See if there are ways you can reduce stress, provide more consistent cow nutrition and set your calves up for a bright future.


Article Attributed to Purina Mills and Ron Scott, Ph. D.

Pesticide Private Applicator License Training Session

Friday, August 18th, 2017
8:30 am

Private Applicator License TrainingA Pesticide Private Applicator License Training Session is scheduled for August 23, 2017, from 8:30 am to noon in Seymore, Texas. Josh Kouns, Baylor County Agriculture Extension Agent will lead the training. The class fee is $50 and will include books and training materials. Space is limited, so sign up today by calling 940-889-5581.

What:    Pesticide Private Applicator License Training Session
When:   Wednesday, August 23, 2017,  8:30 am to Noon
Where:  Texas A&M Agrilife Extension Service
500 N Main St. Seymour, Texas 76380

Who needs a Pesticide Private Applicator License? A private pesticide applicator is someone who uses or supervises the use of restricted-use or state-limited-use pesticides or regulated herbicides to produce an agricultural commodity on:

  • Personally owned property
  • Rented property
  • Property owned by his or her employer
  • Property under his or her general control
  • The property of another person if applied without compensation, other than the trading of personal services between producers of agricultural commodities.

Click for complete step-by-step procedures to obtain a private pesticide applicator license.


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